Brushes are used in many industries including industrial, art, cosmetic, cleaning, painting, medical and more. Some applications include cleaning, scrubbing, painting, product application and various others. The shape, size, and materials that brushes are made out of are endless and new designs and uses are being implemented every day. Brushes for cleaning and polishing include brooms, bottle brush, chimney brush, toothbrush, car wash brush, chip brush, dishwashing brush, and lavatory brush just to name a few. For application of material, some brushes include paint, wall paper, make-up, mascara brush, nail-polish brush and pastry brush. Other types of brushes include hair brush, electrical brush, magnetic brush and medical sampling brush.
Of the many types of brushes, each is made for a specific job or application no matter how big or small. Materials used as bristles include wire, nylon, straw and more. Each bristle material is chosen based on its qualities of abrasiveness, conductivity and corrosion resistance. Most brushes contain some type of handle so man made or machine made movement can take place. Handles are often made of wood, aluminum, copper, nickel, plastic, rubber, or other related materials. The most common and popular type of brush is the broom, it can be found in just about every home, workplace or establishment.
Each type of brush is distinguished from each other based on their construction, composition and application or use. They can be found in use in almost every industry in some form or another. There are brushes as soft as brushing a baby's hair, or painting tiny details on canvas, to scrubbing dirt and oil off metal wheels or cleaning rust off on metal. With so many applications, types and sizes, we will continue to see new brushes being made and used in new ways now than ever before.
Brushes are bristled cleaning, painting and surface treatment tools. From the simplest brooms to the heaviest-duty power brushes and sweepers, brushes have been and continue to be an important part of industrial and commercial operations. Homes and institutions also depend on brushes for their continued cleanliness as well as for cosmetic and functional maintenance.
All of the uses for which brushes are needed across the contexts of industry, commerce and consumer products have inspired the creation of countless brush configurations. Artist brushes, which can be used for painting and detailed cleaning, can be fitted with time-tested sable hair as well as new, innovative synthetic bristles. Bottle brushes, just one example of the many cleaning brush configurations, can be used for cleaning bottles, machinery and other objects that may be difficult to clean with large brushes. Strip brushes, which are brushes arranged in a long strip, can be used as seals in the space between doors and door frames, and they can also be used as cleaning tools. Like many other brush varieties, their bristles are often composed of Nylon, a synthetic material that is characterized by abrasion resistance, strength and other favorable qualities. For heavy duty surface treatment applications, metal wire brushes can be used; wire bristles are often useful in finishing and deburring, especially when used with wheel brushes. Both wheel brushes and spiral brushes can be attached to machinery that spin the brush around at high speeds, making them exceptional surface treatment tools.
Industrial operations, commercial enterprises and individuals all over the world make use of some variety of brush for some purpose. The most widely used brush variety in the world is the broom, and its variations can be found in more homes and places of business than not. Even in the cleanest offices, dust accumulation warrants the use of brooms to maintain the appearance and healthiness of workspaces. In homes, where cleanliness and safety are also very important, brooms serve the same purpose. Successful professionals in industry make the connection between workspace safety and productivity; brooms of all shapes and sizes are employed on warehouse and factory floors as well as in break rooms and all other spaces in and around an industrial operation. The manufacture and fabrication of plastic, wooden and metal parts in particular creates a high volume of debris, and using push brooms and sweepers in concert with ventilation systems and vacuums can improve the safety of a workspace. Brooms are the most basic of all brush designs, though they share the same basic principal that all brush varieties have in common; all brushes are collections of bristles mounted to a surface.
Every kind of brush meets this basic criterion, but they distinguish themselves from each other based on their construction, composition and their use. Metal manufacturers and fabricators rely on metal wire brushes for deburring, surface brushing and parts cleaning. Metal wire brushes can be hand-held or machine-operated; hand-held metal wire brushes tend to be used for heavy duty scrubbing, and machine-operated metal wire brushes are used to machine or treat a surface. Strip brushes, cylinder brushes, spiral brushes and cup brushes also, depending on their construction, can be used for light and heavy-duty manufacturing processes. A strip brush, for example, can be affixed to doors and used as seals, or they can be used as components in manufacturing equipment. Specialized processes call for brushes with special qualities. During the fabrication of sensitive electronics, ESD cleanroom nylon static dissipative or conductive brushes must be used for parts cleaning and static elimination. Nylon bristles can also be used in food processing, but in the form of nylon cup, strip and cylinder brushes used for fruit and vegetable cleaning. All other brush varieties are specifically designed to suit their intended use.
The possibilities for brush bristle composition are extensive because of the great variety of tasks to which brushes are assigned. Metal wire brush bristles can be made of steel, stainless steel, brass, bronze, copper, nickel silver or titanium filaments. Each material is chosen based on its qualities of abrasiveness, conductivity and corrosion resistance. Wheel, cup and end power brushes' filaments are usually crimped to maintain cutting action as the brush wears; some metals bend better than others, which is another important variable to consider when choosing bristle composition. Abrasive nylon embedded with mineral grit is sometimes substituted for wire filament in power brushes, and power brushes' cutting action is often amplified by knot-twisting sections of wire in wheel, cup or end brushes or by encasing them in a semi-hard polymer. Other types of cleanroom, strip, cylinder and maintenance brushes are made from a variety of natural and synthetic fibers such as horse hair, polypropylene and nylon. Twisted-in wire tube and bottle cleaning brush filaments are usually either nylon or metal. Filament density, material type and coarseness determine a brush's performance. As nature of the demand for brushes in industrial processes changes, brush materials will change to meet those needs.
Image Provided by Braun Brush Company
Image Provided by Schaefer Brush Manufacturing
Image Provided by Spiral Brushes, Inc.
- Long-wearing material available
in several filament diameters and grit sizes. Abrasive nylon is excellent
for surface finishing applications.
- A light brownish, very coarse fiber that is typically used in street brooms.
- The diameter of the brush-mounting hole.
- Inside diameter of a core or hub for a roller brush.
- Rust-proof and spark resistant, brass provides gentle brushing action.
- The material that does the actual cleaning or cutting. Bristles can be made of natural, synthetic or metal material.
- Stiffer than brass with the same non-sparking benefits as brass.
- The length of the brush area on a core. Brush parts can be the same or shorter than the overall length
- A non-marking synthetic brush fiber that can take the static charge created by the brushing action and send it to the ground.
- Diameter of a cylindrical brush core.
- Filament that has been composed with a wave pattern and is measured by amplitude and frequency.
- Part of a twisted-in wire brush where the wire has been flush cut at the brush part end.
- A drive shaft that powers cylindrically shaped brushes. The brushes are part of an industrial or manufacturing process that requires a clean conveyor or product at a particular point in the process.
- A twisted-in wire brush where the filament has been gathered to create a tuft parallel to the twist wire.
- Width of the brush face when the brush is in operation. Filament is usually stiffer acting and eliminates streakage.
- A seamed or seamless steel tube that gathers and binds bristles in paint brushes.
- The synthetic fibers that are used to create a brush tuft.
- Thickness of a single filament or wire size in inches. Nylon ranges from .003 to .125 and wire from .003' - .020'.
- Filament whose ends have been splintered by a series of knives to produce a softer-tipped brush.
- Very fine and soft animal hair that is used for very short trim brushes.
- Animal hair that has soft to slightly stiff texture. The natural flagging of hog bristles allows the brush to fit into cracks to remove fine dust.
- A resilient and long lasting fiber that is excellent for sweeping polished surfaces.
- The straight filament or wire of a brush.
- The toughest and longest wearing synthetic filament available. Nylon is excellent for industrial and food service applications.
- Also called "flat wire," it is a stiff, hard-working, resilient wire used in hand-scratch and power-driven brushes.
- The diameter of a cylindrical brush measured at the filament ends.
- The length of a brush, usually measured as the length of the core.
- A medium stiff to stiff textured vegetable fiber made from the leaf stalks of the Palmyra Palm of India. Palmyra can be mixed with Tampico to produce Union Fibre.
- A synthetic, long-wearing alternative to palmetto that resists acids, alkalis and organic solvents better than any natural bristle material.
- A slightly stiffer, more durable selected grade of polished tampico.
- The distance between the tufts usually given by a row and column distance measurement for block brushes and by tufts per circumference and spacing for cylindrical brushes.
- A non-ferrous, non-corrosive material with more temper than brass.
- The distance between wraps on a coil brush.
- A synthetic brush material that is large in diameter and resistant to abrasion and most solvents and acids.
- A cylindrical brush that has a plastic core.
- Heat and moisture resistant synthetic filament. Polyester is also resistant to petroleum products, acetones, ketones, alcohols and weak acids.
- A material that has excellent wet stiffness and is resistant to most petroleum solvents, oils, greases, most acids and chemicals.
- Any process that uses a power-driven, rotating industrial brush to deburr, clean or finish a metal part.
- Rust-proof and very strong, stainless steel is used to prevent harmful ferrous deposits on brushed parts.
- A soft, magnetic material used for light material removal and for surface finishing of soft materials. Steel low carbon wire will rust easily.
- A natural vegetable fiber that can be used wet or dry for scrubbing, washing and dusting applications and can be treated for applications of grease or abrasives.
- Length of brush filament from the core.
- A process that utilizes high frequencies of sound to weld the base of a brush to the fill material.