Water Flow Meters
Water flow meters are designed for measuring flow rates of water in a variety of locations. They may measure flows in open channels, tubes, partially filled pipes, streams, rivers, wastewater, industrial process waters, and more. Many water flow meters are designed for metering pump pacing or water treatment control but they have other applications as well.
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Benefits of Water Flow Meters
There are a number of ways building owners are cutting back on the costs of energy. The growing innovations in our nation have played a quintessential factor in how we handle the use of our energy. There is one leading technology that assists in the gathering of information as well as a plethora of other features. This technology is called a flow meter. Flow meters have a variety of capabilities and there are numerous benefits if a manufacturer decides to utilize flow meter technology.
Flow meters can track the building’s energy consumption right down to the exact application. Every process can be recorded for further data analysis. This technology unlocks the possibility to identify areas where equipment maintenance can be reduced. There are some applications where exact fuel consumption figures are essential to the organization. Water flow meters are very valuable to track the water usage and allow opportunities to cut in operation costs.
Water Flow Meter Design
Many water flow meters measure water velocity through the use of a probe that contains a positive displacement sensor that takes a measurement and puts it on a readout display. Water flow meters utilize velocity averaging for the most accurate flow measurements. They also provide quick and efficient information for simple flow monitoring. Water flow meters are also convenient as they are lightweight, waterproof, and reliable. Some water flow meters measure the volume of water while other flow meters measure the speed or mass. For the most part, flow meters are used to infer mass flow through calculations that flow meters and flow monitor instruments make after taking various flow measurements, such as absolute pressure, differential pressure, viscosity and temperature. Another kind of flow meter includes thermal mass flow meters which have two sensors to take temperature measurements before calculating how much heat loss occurs in the flowing liquid. Other flow meters employ the Doppler Effect which is when ultrasonic waves reflect back from particles or bubbles in the liquid to determine the rate. Still other kinds of flow meters are Coriolis flow meters that use the Coriolis Effect where a force is applied to the tube to make the fluid or gas inside rotate or flow indicators which have a viewing window.
Types of Flow Meters
Most flow meters that are associated with liquids and gasses come in four forms: differential, electromagnetic, vortex and clamp-on ultrasonic. Differential flow meters are very common in a wide variety of industries. This type of flow meter can be found in industries related to: petroleum, chemical, mineral processing, water treatment and more. Electromagnetic flow meters are used with applications where the fluid can conduct electricity. This technology has more functionality and advanced methods for gathering accurate data. The vortex flow meter is ideal for measuring gasses and steam. There are no moving parts with this style of flow meter which means it requires extremely low maintenance. The ultrasonic flow meter is unique and utilizes ultrasonic signals to measure the flow rate. This meter does not actually impede the flow of the substance, which means this style gathers the most accurate true flow ratings possible.
Applications of Water Flow Meters
Water flow meters can aid in rain water runoff studies, sewer flow measurements and measuring flows in bodies of water. Most water flow meters are made of three parts: the primary device, transducer and transmitter. These three parts are combined so that the flow meter is one complete device conveniently enclosed in one assembly. They are usually made out of metal such as stainless steel or they may be plastic. Water flow meters are useful in a variety of fields. In plumbing, these flow meters are used to measure the amount of water running through a tube or pipe for efficiency purposes. Water flow meters are also used in many industrial purposes for flow measurements to help companies determine profit gain or loss. Industrial water flow meters are also available for larger-scale applications. Other industries that benefit from the use of flowmeters include automotive, petroleum and gas, utility services, HVAC, food processing and raw materials.