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Stainless Steel

IQS Directory provides a comprehensive list of stainless steel manufacturers and suppliers. Use our website to review and source top stainless steel manufacturers with roll over ads and detailed product descriptions. Find stainless steel companies that can design, engineer, and manufacture stainless steel to your companies specifications. Then contact the stainless steel companies through our quick and easy request for quote form. Website links, company profile, locations, phone, product videos and product information is provided for each company. Access customer reviews and keep up to date with product new articles. Whether you are looking for manufacturers of stainless steel mills, stainless steel products, stainless steel panels, or customized stainless steel of every type, this is the resource for you.

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Our stainless steel products withstand the test of time. We only use the highest quality metals and the latest technologies in manufacturing our metals. All of our products are strong and built to last. Find out why we are one of the best in the nation by visiting our website or giving us a call today! We look forward to answering your questions!
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Metalmen provides worldwide distribution of all stainless steel. With our wide range of products, we offer expert market advice and complete metalworking as a custom response supplier serving industry. We have been providing engineering and research for over 30 years. Fast delivery of so many on-demand and specialty metals; non-standards and small quantities welcomed!
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Since 1959, Falcon Stainless and Alloys has always been a national distributor of high-quality stainless steel. If it is forgeable, Falcon can forge it. Any shape or size up to twenty-five tons can be forged, and our specialty is in locating all the "hard to find" grades and sizes. Our well trained and experienced staff is ready to quote you, call Falcon today!
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We provide the best products in the stainless steel industry. Our customers know they can trust us for quality, affordability, and convenience. Our multiple locations make it easy to get what you need within days! Some orders can be shipped on the same day for extremely fast delivery. Find out how we can help you by contacting us today! We'd love to help you find what you need.
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Our specialty is stainless steel and we provide to you only the best quality stainless steel that is available on the market today. We are able to provide a wide range of secondary services such as blanking, slitting, shearing, cutting, leveling, milling and more. We are a company whose aim is to provide you with what you want, on time, every time. Contact one of our staff members for more information today!
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When people think of stainless steel they think of us! We strive to achieve 100% customer satisfaction in order to keep them coming back to us for all of their stainless steel needs. Our amazing staff will provide you with excellent care and the fabulous customer service that we are known for. Browse through the products on our website in order to let us know exactly what it is that you need. We will do our best to accommodate whatever product you may need. Contact us today!
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If quality and experience is what you are looking for, that is what you get when you bring your business to us. We are proud to bring you stainless steel that will never let you down, standing up to many demanding applications day after day, year after year. Our knowledgeable staff is fully able to work with you from the beginning of the design process all the way until you have your finished product in your hand. Contact us today for more information!
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We offer a broad variety of services including being able to cut your stainless steel to length, grinding your steel to precision tolerances and electro-polishing and passivation. We do business all over the world and we are determined to expand our customer basis further. Through using excellent customer service and having the exceptional product value that we have we believe this goal is achievable. Contact our customer service representatives for more information today!
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Industry Information

View A Video on Stainless Steel - A Quick Introduction

Stainless steel is a common and versatile metal that does not stain, corrode or rust easily. It is also known as corrosion resistant steel or chromium steel, and is defined by the fact that it is alloyed with a minimum of 10% chromium. Regular steel often contains smaller amounts of chromium to enhance properties of strength and hardness, but stainless steel has the something extra that makes it less scratchable and just as strong and durable.

Stainless steel alloys develop a passivation layer of chromium oxide on their outer surface, effectively coating the steel and protecting it from the harmful oxidation that occurs between exposed iron and oxygen molecules in the air, which makes stainless steel more affective and attractive then regular steel.. This protecting layer of chromium oxide easily reforms when scratched, making stainless steel an excellent, durable solution with no surface cracking or pores. Austenitic Stainless Steel has the highest ratio of chromium, and is by far the most common type. Stainless steel is produced in over a hundred different grades, which differ depending on their alloys, strengths, temperature resistances and applications. One of the most popular stainless steel grades, 316 stainless steel, is super corrosion resistant because it contains more nickel. Steel service centers manufacture stainless steel into a variety of shapes and products, including stainless steel foil, stainless steel strip, stainless steel wire, stainless steel plate, stainless steel bars, stainless steel rods, stainless steel coil and stainless steel sheets via hot rolling and forming processes. It is used to make consumer goods, including domestic kitchen supplies and tableware, sinks, laundry equipment, flatware and electronic appliances, and in the food and beverage industry to make silos, vats, kegs and large kitchen equipment.  Stainless steel is also found in the construction and engineering industries as roofing, gutters, elevator doors, public seating, and is used to build large skyscrapers. Automotive parts, bus frames, pipes, valves, pumps and industrial mixers are also often made out of stainless steel.


There are 3 main types of stainless steel which combine nickel, carbon and molybdenum in different ratios to achieve different qualities. Austenitic stainless steel combines the largest ratios of chromium, nickel and molybdenum and accounts for about 70% of fabricated stainless steel, with the most common grade being 18/10 stainless, an alloy which is very hard, durable and resistant to corrosion. Austenitic steels have a great strength-to-weight advantage over other materials; they also provide impact resistance and toughness in extreme temperatures, making them suitable for cryogenic applications. Ferritic stainless steel has very low nickel content, higher carbon content and is very corrosion resistant but less strong and durable than austenitic stainless. Martensitic stainless steel contains higher levels of carbon and often molybdenum, making it extremely strong and durable with lower corrosion resistance. Some types of stainless steel can transform from martensite to austenitic under heat treatment or with the addition of chromium. For example, maraging steel, a specialty low-carbon ultra-high strength steel alloy, is transformed into martensite when a portion of the alloy's nickel content is substituted by chromium to enhance corrosion resistance and hardness.

There are 150 grades of steel, which are classified in 4 different groups according to their varying corrosion resistance and mechanical properties. 200 series stainless steels are non magnetic, austenitic, and have the most resistance to attack. They contain 17% chromium, 4% nickel and 7% manganese. 300 level series are almost identical to 200, except they are a bit less attack-resistant and contain slightly more chromium and 8% nickel. 316 Stainless Steel is a 300 level steel, and because it contains more nickel, it has superior corrosion resistance. 400 series stainless steels are magnetic, martenistic, have a poor corrosion resistance and contain 11% chromium and 1% manganese. Finally, 600 series steels, often referred to as precipitation hardening, can be heat treated to very high strength levels and are therefore very resistant against water and chloride attack.

Manufacturing stainless steel is a 7 step process, and produces many different forms and parts. First, the raw materials are melted together in an electric furnace for 8 to 12 hours, until they reach their recrystallization temperature. The molten steel is then cast into semi-finished forms called blooms, billets, slabs, rods and tube rounds. The unfinished shapes then undergo a forming process via hot rolling, where blooms and billets become bars, wire and coil, and slabs form plates, strips, sheets and foil. They are then heat treated through annealing, where the steel is heated and then cooled through quenching or air hardening. The steel hardens or softens, depending on the amount of time it is let to cool. When it has cooled, the stainless steel is descaled, which removes any buildup by pickling or electrocleaning. It is then cut to obtain its final desired shape and size by shearing, blanking, nibbling or flame cutting. Further processing to acquire a certain finish, dull or shiny, is done through hot rolling, cold rolling, annealing, descaling, or different combinations of these processes. Before becoming parts and components in industrial and commercial products, all stainless steel must meet specific requirements, such as toughness or corrosion resistance, put fourth by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) to ensure quality and safety.
stainless steel
stainless steel coil
Image Provided by Penn Stainless Products
 Image Provided by Source 21, Inc.

stainless steel alloy
 Image Provided by Falcon Stainless & Alloys Corporation



Stainless Steel Types

  • 303 stainless steel is an austenitic alloy that has sulfur and/or selenium added to create a free-machining stainless steel. 303 stainless steels take less time to machine, resulting in longer lasting machine tool bits and lower production cost.
  • 304 stainless steel is an austenitic alloy that is easily formed and welded but is not a free-machining material. 304 stainless steel is commonly used for sheet metal products that are not subject to harsh environments.
  • 304L stainless steel is one of the most frequently used austenitic alloys in the stainless steel family. 304L stainless steel is utilized when parts are to be welded, especially if the weld might come in contact with chlorinated water.
  • 305 stainless steel is an austenitic alloy that is very corrosion resistant and has a higher nickel content. 305 stainless has a decreased tendency to work-harden during the cold heading process.
  • 316 stainless steel is a non-magnetic material that contains molybdenum and a higher nickel content. 316 stainless steel, an austenitic alloy, is very corrosion resistant but is subject to attack if exposed to high levels of chlorine for a long period of time.
  • 316L stainless steel is a highly corrosion resistant austenitic alloy that is second only to 304 stainless steel in importance. 316L stainless steel is commonly used in heavy gauge welded components, as it offers higher creep, stress-to-rupture and tensile strength at elevated temperatures.
  • 384 stainless steel has a very high nickel content and is very corrosion resistant to chlorides. 384 stainless steel, an austenitic alloy, cold heads well.
  • Austenitic stainless steel is comprised of chromium and nickel and is used in mild, harsh and corrosive environments. Austenitic stainless steel alloys account for about 70% of the stainless steel family.
  • Duplex stainless steels, along with the elements iron, chromium and nickel, contain molybdenum, nitrogen, copper and very little carbon. Duplex stainless steel has double the strength of austenitic stainless steel and better corrosion resistance than martensitic stainless steel.
  • Ferrite stainless steel (type 430) consists of only iron and chromium. Ferrite stainless steel is magnetic, cannot be hardened and is used mainly in decorative trim and mufflers for vehicles.
  • Martensitic stainless steels (types 403, 414 and 420) have low chromium levels and high carbon content but do not contain nickel. Martensitic stainless steel is a magnetic material that has reduced corrosion resistance but can be heat-treated to provide high strength and toughness characteristics.
  • Precipitation-hardened stainless steels are chromium-nickel grades that can be strengthened and hardened by adding such elements as copper and aluminum in an aging treatment at elevated temperatures.
  • Stainless steel alloys offer higher corrosion resistance due to their ability to develop a passivation layer of chromium oxide on their outer surface, effectively coating the steel and protecting it from the harmful oxidation that occurs between exposed iron and oxygen molecules in the air.
  • Stainless steel bars are solid pieces of various grade stainless steels that are rolled from billets. Stainless steel bars can be hot or cold finished and formed into rounds, squares, hexagons, octagons or flats.
  • Stainless steel coil is a rolled product that is formed from stainless steel strip. 
  • Stainless steel foil offers increased corrosion resistance, strength and electrical resistance as compared to traditional metal foils such as aluminum and copper foil.
  • Stainless steel grades are categorized into six different series: 100 series, 200 series, 300 series, 400 series, 500 series and 600 series.
  • Stainless steel pipes are tubes that are used to transport gases or liquids. Stainless steel pipes are much longer lasting than similar products consisting of other metals, because of the corrosion resistance of the material.
  • Stainless steel plates have a width over eight inches and a thickness from one quarter of an inch to over a foot.
  • Stainless steel rods are long cylinder-shaped objects made of stainless steel.
  • Stainless steel sheets are large, thin slices of stainless steel. Usually rectangular or square shaped, stainless steel sheets offer the flexibility of being custom fabricated or molded.
  • Stainless steel suppliers provide the rods, sheets, and plates used in the assembly of many products.
  • Stainless steel strip is a flat-rolled, very thin sheet of stainless steel.
  • Stainless steel tubing ranges in size from less than .01 inches to more than six inches in diameter.
  • Stainless steel wires offer good strength-to-weight ratios, as well as rustproof performance. Common diameters of stainless steel wires range anywhere from .01 inches to 1-1/16 inches.


Stainless Steel Grades

Material Tensile Strength at Break (MPa) Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) Modulus of Elasticity (ksi)
All Stainless Steel 85.0 - 3000 46.8 - 2400 10000 - 46000
Precipitation Hardening Stainless 310 - 3000 276 - 2400 10000 - 33400
T 300 Series Stainless Steel 250 - 2200 138 - 1800 11000 - 31000
T 400 Series Stainless Steel 280 - 2030 165 - 1900 10500 - 46000
T 600 Series Stainless Steel 550 - 1720 46.8 - 1590 29000
T S10000 Series Stainless Steel 848 - 2520 421 - 2100 11200 - 33400
T S20000 Series Stainless Steel 670 - 1830 292 - 1730 24800 - 30500
T S30000 Series Stainless Steel 450 - 1620 200 - 1480 27600 - 29000
T S40000 Series Stainless Steel 455 - 1800 207 - 1730 29000 - 31200
Grade 201 (Annealed) 792 Min. 310 Min.  26600
Grade 202 (Annealed) 655 Min.  275 Min. 28600
Grade 301 (Annealed) 861 Min. 275 Min. 28000
Grade 302 (Annealed) 655 Min.  262 Min. 28000
Grade 304 (Annealed) 655 Min.  262 Min. 28000
Grade 304L (Annealed) 655 Min.  262 Min. 28000
Grade 305 (Annealed) 620 Max. 241 Min. 28000
Grade 316 (Annealed) 689 Max. 275 Min. 28000
Grade 316L (Annealed) 689 Min. 206 Min. 28000
Grade 321 (Annealed) 586 Min.  275 Min. 28000
Grade 347 (Annealed) 620 Nom. 275 Min, 28000
Grade 405 (Annealed) 448 Min. 275 Nom.  29000
Grade 409 (Annealed) NA N/A 29000
Grade 430 (Annealed) 482 Min. 310 Min.  29000
Grade 410 6 (Annealed) 551 Min. 275 Min. 29000
Grade 420 6 (Annealed) 655 Nom.  344 Nom. 29000
Grade PH17-7 (Annealed) 1034 Max. 448 Max. 29500

*These figures are guidelines based on industry research; they should not be presumed accurate under all circumstances and are not a substitute for certified measurements. The information is not to be interpreted as absolute material properties nor does it constitute a representation or warranty for which we assume legal liability. User shall determine suitability of the material for the intended use and assumes all risk and liability whatsoever in connection therewith.


Stainless Steel Terms

Age Hardening - A heat-treating process used on martensitic stainless steels to harden them. The material is heated above its critical temperature, held at that temperature to ensure uniform temperature and then quenched in air or oil to quickly cool it.
 
Alloy - A solid solution of two or more metals. All forms of stainless steel are alloys.
 
Annealing - A process by which a cold-rolled steel coil is heated to a designated temperature and then cooled. The annealing process makes the coil easier to bend and form.
 
Argon-Oxygen Decarburization (AOD) - A process with a short operation time and low temperatures that is used to reduce the carbon content of stainless steel during the refinement process.
 
Billet - A short bar of metal.
 
Blank - A piece of sheet stainless steel that has the specified outer dimensions of a part but has not yet been stamped by the end user. Blanks decrease the cost of labor and transportation for the stainless steel processor.
 
Blast Furnace - A cylinder lined with heat resistant bricks that steel mills use to smelt iron from ore. The name originates from the blast of hot air that is forced up through the ore.
 
Bloom - A semi-finished form of stainless steel that typically has a cross-section greater than 36 sq. inches. A bloom will be further processed into mill products.
 
Burr - A ridge on the edge of strip stainless steel that is caused by cutting operations, including blanking, trimming, shearing or slitting.
 
Chromium (Cr) - An element added to stainless steel, resulting in a corrosion resistant alloy.
 
Cold Forming - Also called "cold working" it is any kind of mechanical operation performed at room temperature that causes permanent deformation. Cold forming, which includes bending, rolling and drawing, increases the hardness and strength of stainless steel.
 
Continuous Casting - A time-saving process of pouring stainless steel directly from the furnace into a billet, bloom or slab. Continuous casting eliminates the need for large, expensive mills.
 
Ductility - The ability of steel to go through permanent changes of shape without fracturing.
 
Galvanized - Coated with zinc. Galvanizing provides more corrosion resistance and is used on auto underbody parts, storage tanks, garbage cans, etc.
 
Grade - A number or symbol given to different varieties of steel. Different grade steels have varying characteristics and compositions.
 
Oscillating - Method used to wind narrow strip steel over a wider roll. The oscillating process is similar to winding fishing line over a spool.
 
Reinforcing Bar (Rebar)
- A steel bar used to further strengthen concrete. Rebars are vital for highway reinforcement as well as building construction.




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