View A Video on Stainless Steel Tanks - A Quick Introduction
Stainless steel has good thermal conductivity and thermal expansion rate, which is key to tanks of any sort, and particularly useful in the case of pressure vessels. Manufacturers of stainless steel tanks supply numerous industries, including agricultural, food and beverage processing, medical, chemical and waste water and sewage management. They are commonly used where hygiene and corrosion are concerns. There are many different types of stainless tanks that differ in properties depending on their applications. SS tanks always contain openings called manways, where contents are poured or accessed. Stainless steel storage tanks are used to hold liquid or gas, usually in larger quantities. They are often used in the agricultural industry as stainless steel silos, which usually store animal feed and crops, in breweries and wineries as stainless steel vats, or as stainless steel bins, which are used in for a number of different applications, including waste receptacles and kitchen storage. Tanks are also used to blend different substances together. These stainless steel mixing tanks combine ingredients by a motor-powered propeller. Stainless steel water tanks are specifically for holding large supplies of water, stainless steel gas tanks are used in automobiles to hold fuel, and food grade tanks are made specifically to hold perishable items that need a clean, sterile and temperature controlled storing environment, like dairy tanks.
Stainless steel tanks are thin-walled constructions manufactured through a rolling process or welding. Although stainless steel is strong, it is vulnerable to buckling when the material is thin. Stainless steel tanks are most susceptible to damage during construction, transportation and installation. The contents of full stainless steel tanks actually aid its stability. The shape of the tank is dependent on its diameter or height and the efficient use of material. Stainless steel tank manufacturers can make the ends of their products flat or in the shape of a dome or cone. In determining the size that a tank needs to be, consider how much extra volume should be included to cover for future process needs, such as thermal expansion or foaming, and also filling control, especially in the applications that require high speed pumping. The industrial applications where stainless steel tanks are utilized determine tank properties such as size, shape and orientation. Manaways, the lids that provide entrance to the integral region of the tanks have high or low pressure applications, and different seal material is used for different temperature needs. They come rectangular, circular or oval, with levers, clamps or swivel arms.
Storage tanks vary significantly in their sizes, shapes and applications. They are mostly built in a cylinder shape to endure stress from hydraulic pressure, and range from very small waste bins to huge silos that hold millions of gallons of liquid. Silos, often the largest storage tank, are often found on farms. They are vertical cylinder vessels that are able to hold either liquids or solids in the dairy, food and beverage industries. Vats are mostly found in wineries, breweries and liquor distilleries to hold alcohol during the refinement process and can dramatically range in size and shape. Some tanks are defined according to what type of substance they are meant to hold. Water tanks are used to hold drinking water, irrigation water, water for fire hydrants, for farming, or for water used in food preparation. They are located above and below the ground, and monitored regularly to ensure the water remains potable. Gasoline tanks, located in automobiles, hold the vehicle's fuel and therefore must be airtight to guard against gasoline diffusion into the air. Gasoline diffusion wastes gas and harms the environment, so gasoline tanks are coated with aluminum or zinc to guard against this problem. They are built to last a long time against corrosion, cracking and flaking.
Many stainless steel tanks are manufactured specially for the dairy, food and beverage industries. Stainless steel is the material of choice because it is easily temperature controlled, cleaned and sterilized. They are often vertical silos, horizontal or vertical storage tanks, processing tanks, mixers, whey crystallizers and CIP agitators. They must adhere to strict FDA, USDA and 3-A standards for health reasons. Tanks used to house and manufacture foods are cleaned every time they are emptied and must maintain certain temperatures if they are holding perishable food items. Mixers are often used in food processing to stir and combine large amounts of ingredients. Leaking of storage tanks is always a big concern. Toxins can seep into surrounding vegetation and underground water supplies. Tanks should be regularly tested, either by pressure testing, subsurface testing or full tank removal. Emergency bilge pumps are designed to deal with leakages. They can pump out the rest of the fluids in a leaking tank or soil content that is contaminated. Submersible pumps are designed to be installed completely immersed within a tank. Oil-filled cavities of submersible pump motors protect them from contact with the transfer media. Submersible pumps can treat groundwater, extract pollutants or even remove the fluids completely.
by G & F Manufacturing Company, Inc.
Stainless Steel Tanks Types
- are sterile sealed and steam locked
in order to prevent the entrance of biological agents.
- are tanks made for filtration-filter cartridges.
- are pressure vessels created to sustain
extremely low, cryogenic temperatures, ranging from -250° C to
-100° C (-418° F
to -148° F). Stainless steel is often a suitable material for
dewars because it can withstand damage associated with very low temperatures.
- Food grade tanks are sanitary metal containers used for food processing and storage.
- are pressure vessels in which both liquids and
gases are collected.
- SS tanks are corrosion resistant containers that hold and store a variety of substances.
- commonly store liquid drinking products
such as ale, wine, soda and juice.
- Stainless steel bins are durable metal containers used to hold and transport dry goods.
- are used to store dairy products. Upkeep
of dairy tanks must comply with the standards of the Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) and the United States Department of Agriculture
- Stainless steel gas tanks store gasoline in a strong,
corrosion resistant stainless steel container until it is released into the
engine of a motor vehicle or evaporates into the air.
- Stainless steel manways are lids usually consisting of a flanged nozzle with a cover plate that serves as access point to the inside of a vessel.
- Stainless steel mixing tanks facilitate the blending and/or homogenizing of the contents inside a container made of sanitary and corrosion resistant steel.
- store substances at pressure levels
greater than that of atmospheric pressure. In some cases,
pressure tanks may also refer to those tanks that store substances
pressure levels lower than that of atmospheric pressure.
- alter the condition of a substance through
the application of heat and pressure. Reactor tanks are
used to lower the toxicity of a substance and initiate chemical and
such as fission.
- must adhere to the strict hygienic
standards of regulatory bodies, such as the FDA and the
USDA, and are used in
the medical, chemical and food processing industries,
among many other industries. Because stainless steel is easy to clean,
a common choice for applications in which cleanliness
hygiene remain extremely important.
- are vertical, cylindrical vessels used for
storage of a variety of products. Silos are commonly
used in the agricultural
industry to store animal feed and crops.
- hold fluids and solids for future use.
Unlike substances in pressure vessels, storage tank
substances are generally kept at atmospheric pressure.
- Stainless steel vats are containers constructed of corrosion resistant steel that store and process liquids and non-solid foods.
- hold water used for different purposes,
including drinking and wastewater treatment facilities.
- Stainless tanks are used to hold a wide variety of materials and substances.
- Steel tanks are containers that are designed for holding and storing various substances.
Stainless Steel Tanks Terms
- The amount of force the
atmosphere exerts upon the surface of the earth, measuring 14.7 psi at
sea level. A tank that holds substances at pressure levels greater than
14.7 psi is considered a pressure
vessel, while a tank that holds substances
at pressure levels lower than 14.7 psi is considered a vacuum.
- Fracture of certain steels associated with exposure
to very low temperatures, often in circumstances in which stress levels
have not exceeded yield strength.
- Fixtures that provide an efficient
and effective way of cleaning a tank without taking it apart. CIP fixtures
include sprayballs, dishes and T-balls.
number given to pressure vessels shipped to Canada.
- A stainless steel coating applied to a lower-alloy steel
to increase corrosion resistance. Cladding costs less than using stainless
steel exclusively and can be applied by pouring, welding or coating.
- An increase in vessel shell thickness designed
to compensate for the corrosion and abrasion of certain pressure vessels.
Protective coatings and linings are also added to pressure vessels to
- Permanent deformation of steel caused by strength reduction
resulting from exposure to high temperatures.
- A type of stainless steel comprised of austenic
and ferretic steel, the combination of which is stronger than either
of the individual metals. Duplex steels are extremely corrosion and crack
- The removal of imperfections on the surface
of stainless steel by dissolving the steel in a solution of electrolytes
through which a current of electricity travels.
- Federal organization responsible
for the regulation of food, drugs, medical equipment, cosmetics, etc.
The FDA also regulates the storage of such products and maintains standards
for stainless steel tanks used in applications involving these products.
- The build-up of deposits comprised of marine organisms
that occurs on submerged metal surfaces.
- A measurement of the thickness of steel.
- Access port to the internal region of the tank or pressure
- Worldwide standard for pressure
vessel inspection, alteration and repair.
that measures the amount of pressure applied to an object. Psi reflects
the amount of pressure under
which a pressure vessel substance remains.
- The piping systems between pipes that are interconnected
and able to be cleaned.
- Type of steel containing 10 to 12 percent of
chromium. Stainless steel is a common choice for tanks because of its
corrosion and temperature resistance.
- Federal organization
regulating many aspects of the agricultural industry. The USDA regulates
food supply and promotes the safe processing and storage of meat, dairy
products, etc., and maintains strict standards for stainless steel sanitary
and dairy tanks.