Parts washers are industrial cleaning machines that wash and sanitize the surface of many different parts and products. They are made of several different components that, when working together, produce an aqueous cleaning process that is used by industrial manufacturers, factories, repair shops and metal forming operations. They are often one of the last steps in parts manufacturing and clean and dry products that are coated in oils, chemicals, burrs, abrasive dust, paint and other contaminating residue left over from the fabrication process.
Parts cleaning equipment may be manually operated, semi-automatic or fully automated and controlled by a CNC (computer numeric controlled) system or PC software. Since no single parts washer is designed to effectively clean every product, there are many different kinds available that are composed of different equipment and components. The right type of parts washer depends on the size and design complexity of the part, as well as the surface material and the contaminants to be cleaned. All parts cleaners are made of certain components, including some sort of conveyor belt, a housing that is usually made of stainless steel, heaters that maintain the water and cleaning solution temperature and high pressure pumps that provide water. Most are equipped with a drying system, which can be a series of cold air guns or heaters.
There are four main types of parts cleaning systems, each with their own equipment. Agitating parts washers are composed of impellers or paddles that create a vibrating action to help remove grime from fully submerged parts. These parts washers require large holding tanks and aqueous cleaning solutions. Rotary washers have a rotating, cylindrical tank that is effective in cleaning large volumes of small products by continuous movement. These use sprayer nozzles to help clean the parts. Spray washers use high pressure water nozzles that shoot out warm water and cleaning solutions and rely on water pumps to provide the water pressure necessary to clean the part surfaces. These are used to clean larger parts. Immersion parts washers submerge parts into large water tanks and rely on some sort of cavitation-inducing equipment, like ultrasonic sound waves or propellers to remove dirt and grime from parts. In order to maintain a clean water tank, all parts cleaners are equipped with some sort of filtration system to collect the waste and debris. Small parts washers usually contain the parts in baskets, while large parts washers set the parts down on conveyors.
Parts Cleaning Equipment - EMC/Equipment Manufacturing Corporation
A part washing is an important piece of equipment that ensures the final quality of a product. Being a central and crucial manufacturing process input, a parts washer also helps businesses determine the cost of products based on their overall expenditures. Therefore, the primary objective of a forward-looking business is to keep their process expenses under control, and in this, the smooth and unbarred functioning of their operations plays a pivotal part. For smooth machine operation, timely cleaning and maintenance are two imperative exercises.
When buying parts cleaning equipment, there are certain considerations that you should keep in mind as described below.
Efficient Design and Interface
One of the vital factors to consider is the design and accessibility of the part washer you select. Look for a machine that is easy to use and has been designed with innovative features to support your business and production goals. You should invest in a parts washer that has been tried and tested by the industry. You may wish to seek input from your technical engineers during the machine selection process. Further, the design and the size of the machine is another essential factor to consider. You should select a system that can fit and adapt within your production facility.
Availability of Parts and Repair Services
Eventually, every industrial appliance needs repairs and maintenance. This universal fact is also true with almost all industrial washers, including aqueous cleaning systems, spray washers, and automatic part washers. Your process engineers are trained to work with industrial washers, not to fix and repair these machines. For that reason, you should select a part washing system only after making sure that service, replacement and maintenance for its parts are easily available in the market. Also make sure that parts and support for you machine are available immediately via online ordering and support systems.
Cleaning and Repair
Parts cleaning systems also need to be cleaned and maintained in order to maintain their longevity. Regular and on-time cleaning will ensure smooth and long lasting operation. Make sure that your cleaning equipment can be dismantled and that you can clean each (or many) of its parts.
Technical Machine Features
Various technical aspects - such as GPM, heat production, detergent acceptability, and the size of the tank - should also be taken into account as you select an industrial parts washer.GPM stands for gallons per minute, and it is a key factor that helps establish the actual rigor of a machine. Furthermore, you should also check the level of heat that your machine can tolerate. For an aqueous cleaning system, you should check if it could maintain and work under a temperature of more than 170 degrees. The tank size is also an important factor that should be considered during the machine selection process.