Forklift trucks are small vehicles used to lift and move large loads with a pronged attachment jutting out of the front or side. They are widely used in warehouses, construction sites, and manufacturing facilities for loading, storage, and transportation applications. To move loads, forklift trucks insert the prongs underneath the pallet, which is then raised above the ground by a mast.
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Applications of Forklift Trucks
Forklift trucks are small industrial vehicles used in the lifting, moving, and transferring of loads in material handling applications for warehouses, manufacturing facilities, and construction locations. With a pronged attachment jutting out of the front or side of the vehicle to hold the load, forklifts can be used in a wide variety of functions and are critical elements of many industrial spaces and distribution centers. As the loads moved by these industrial trucks are often in excess of thousands of pounds, it is imperative that these machines be designed to accommodate efficient and safe handling according to their lift capacity and reach.
How Forklift Trucks Work
To move a load, the forklift truck inserts the prongs under the pallet, which is then raised to the desired height. As loads requiring to be moved are often heavy, most forklifts are counterbalanced with a weight in order to prevent the vehicle from overturning as the load is raised. Forklift trucks are powered electrically, hydraulically, or with internal combustion motors. Electric forklifts are becoming increasingly popular due to increased emphasis on minimizing fuel transmissions in the air of the working environment. They are configured for both indoor and outdoor applications and come with either pneumatic or solid tires.
Benefits of Using Forklift Trucks
The masts or lifting systems of forklifts are most often hydraulically or pneumatically powered, with the ability to reach many feet into the air. This is convenient for space conservation purposes, as manufacturers are able to stock their goods and materials as high as the ceilings in their facilities, making the most of the available floor space. Narrow forklift trucks are a popular choice of vehicle, as they are able to efficiently operate in much narrower aisles than regular forklift trucks, allowing the shelves to be closer together within a space and creating more room.
Factors to Consider When Purchasing Forklift Trucks
As the spaces in which forklift trucks are used are often small and constricted, precise maneuvering of the vehicles and loads is imperative in order to prevent both material and vehicular damage. Often, guide rails are inserted into the flooring of the aisles to lead the truck down a consistent and straight line. In other cases, marking systems or laser guiding may be used. It is important that the operators of forklift trucks be well trained to ensure the vehicles are safely operated. Other safety features may include hand rails, bumper rails, or an overhead cage of sorts to prevent damage from falling objects.