Vacuum cleaners are cleaning machines that use suction to collect dirt, dust, waste products from industrial processes and other kinds of debris for disposal, recycling or reuse. Industrial vacuum cleaners are used exclusively by professionals for building maintenance and industrial workspace cleaning. Commercial vacuum cleaners may be used for similar purposes, but they are characterized less by efficiency and use in heavy duty cleaning processes as much as they are by economy and use in light duty cleaning processes.
Vacuum varieties are vast and include small vacuum cleaners and portable vacuum cleaners, which can be designed for industrial use, but they are mainly used in commercial contexts in less demanding applications. In industrial settings like woodworking, metalworking or other processes that create a constant flow of debris, vacuum equipment that operates on a higher level than commercial vacuums is needed. Continuous duty vacuums are built to operate 24 hours a day with limited interruption; in settings where dangerous debris is created regularly, explosion proof vacuums may be necessary to reduce the risk of fire or other danger. Sometimes HEPA vacuum cleaners are put to use on manufacturing floors to help filter workspace air while vacuuming. Auto vacuums, some of which can be wet dry vacuums, are high-capacity, specialized vacuums used in the cleaning of vehicles. In building maintenance applications and in some industrial settings, central vacuum systems allow for the collection of debris throughout a building by central vacuums that connect to built-in vacuuming duct work.
Every manufactured product available has to be made somewhere, and most of them come from companies that use a streamlined process to maximize output. These processes produce excess bits of stuff in huge quantities, and something has to clean up after them. Vacuum cleaners can be the perfect industrial cleaning tools; unlike sweepers, they don't kick up dust, which in some cases can be hazardous, and their use is minimally labor intensive. Vacuums can be configured to pick up almost anything; fine powders, abrasives, explosive media, litter, non-free flowing media, metalworking chips, toxic media, coolant, oil mist and welding fumes are all fair game, though a vacuum designed for picking up wood chips differs in design from one that vacuums fluid waste. Some of the waste materials produced by industrial processes can be reclaimed and reused after processing. Vacuums are an excellent means of collecting waste industrial materials for reuse. They don't damage the material, and specialized filters can be designed to minimize the number of unwanted materials like dust or dirt collected by accident. After being collected, the waste materials can be cleaned if necessary and then reprocessed for future use. An added benefit of using vacuums to clean workspaces is that they can be fitted with HEPA filters; in environments where a high-volume of waste shavings or dust are created, HEPA filter vacuums can remove the large particles as well as fine particulates that degrade workspace air quality.
A vacuum is an area from which air has been fully or partially removed. On the earth's surface, every object is subject to the force exerted by the weight of air. When air pressure in one area decreases, more highly pressurized air from nearby floods into the lower-pressure area until equilibrium is achieved; this is what causes wind. Vacuum cleaners use a fan or system of fans to artificially lower air pressure in the enclosures where they collect debris. The more highly pressurized air outside of the enclosure rushes in, bringing nearby dust, dirt, debris or fluid with it, depending on how strong the vacuum cleaner is. Every vacuum configuration is different. Small, portable vacuum cleaners can collect debris in fabric filter bags or removable plastic containers. Sometimes disposable filters are lined with larger, removable filters to provide extra air filtering. Almost every variety of vacuum cleaner is designed to connect with attachments that allow for vacuuming in different places. Vacuums for carpet cleaning usually feature an agitator for easier removal of dirt from carpet fibers, and auto vacuums use special attachments that help them clean tight spaces more easily. Continuous duty vacuums feature large collection enclosures that can be emptied quickly and easily so the machine can be put back to work without too much delay.
Backpack vacuum cleaners, canister vacuums, rider or walk-behind vacuum cleaners, and vacuum cleaner trucks are just a few of the available portable vacuum cleaner configurations. The overwhelming majority of vacuum cleaners are at least semi-portable, and most of them are very portable. Even continuous duty vacuums, which can be quite large and are generally used only for the constant cleaning of warehouse or factory workspaces, are often equipped with wheels. Central vacuum systems are the least portable of all vacuum cleaner systems. In large-scale building maintenance contexts where constant cleaning is required, central vacuum systems are a good solution to the problem of maintaining efficiency. Through inlets in a built-in system of ductwork, maintenance employees can connect hoses and vacuum attachments to a single central vacuum located in a mechanical closet. Because the central vacuum is isolated, and its room is usually located in a basement, the noise generated by vacuuming is very limited compared to most portable vacuums. This feature is invaluable in contexts like colleges where vacuuming is needed even as classes are proceeding. Instead of using many vacuums with many filters, maintenance crews that use central vacuums have only one machine to empty and service.
Air Dynamics Industrial Systems Corporation
National Turbine Vacuum Equipment
Industrial vacuum - National Turbine Corporation
Central Vacuum Cleaning System - VAC-U-MAX
Portable - Air Dynamics Industrial Systems Corporation
Central cleaners - VAC-U-MAX
Industrial vacuum cleaners have an important role to play in the site maintenance routines. These power-packed machines are used to remove dust particles and debris from a work site. Removing of dust and other pollutants from the site is necessary to ensure the safety of workers, and to improve the quality of the products the facility is producing.
Manufacturing processes discharge a large variety of wasteland contaminants that may include airborne debris, dust particles, and microscopic elements that may or may not be visible to the human eyes. In addition to this, radioactive waste, metal chips, poisonous gases, etc. are also an outcome of many industrial procedures. Howsoever the waste and contaminants are produced, one way or another, they are eventually exposed to the atmosphere. That is when the problem starts and the need for thorough cleaning rises. Here, industrial vacuum cleaners come handy.
In general, two types of vacuum cleaners are available - dry and wet. However, to deal with different types and capacities of debris, there are different types of industrial vacuum cleaners. The below sections talk about some of the frequently used vacuum cleaning machines -
Upright Cleaners - This is the most popular variety of vacuum cleaners! The upright cleaners are an upright choice for creating a dust-free environment in large and plain areas. These machines are used in homes, offices, and manufacturing plants. However, the domestic machines tend to have smaller capacity, which makes them unsuitable for industrial use. Therefore, the capacity should be chosen wisely before deploying the machine for such a substantial service. Upright cleaners are available in various designs, features, and functions. Ideally, these cleaners are made for floors covered with carpets, but you can also find some makes that work smoothly on bare surfaces and the rough and tough areas of production facilities.
Canister - These cleaners come with an attached canister or container that stocks all the debris and a long stick that makes it possible for the housekeeping staff to clean areas that are difficult to reach. With these machines, more effective and powerful vacuum cleaning is possible. These appliances are available in diverse capacities; hence, are suitable for both home and commercial applications. Moreover, these utilities can efficiently take on hard and bare floor surfaces.
Stick Cleaners - Stick cleaners are ideally a home utility to clean home electronic appliances. However, it is also an advantageous tool for industries. With this thin industrial blower and suction contraption, also called an industrial stick vacuum cleaner, the inner, unreachable areas of industrial machines can be cleaned and kept dust-free.
Apart from these, large-size suction pumps are installed in manufacturing plants. These extra-large contraptions are connected with blowers and ducting systems to control the release of dust and particulates via the production process.
Furthermore, vacuum cleaners are useful not only for removing contaminants and making the environment clean but also for reducing the noise level. This particular feature also places them in the category of noise and air pollution control equipment.
Vacuum cleaners have application in almost everything these days, from chemical plants to food processors, as a continuous duty vacuums, to petrochemical installations. They are available in all sizes from a small standard vacuums to large industrial vacuum cleaners with 60-gallon capacity to clean expansive factory floor. They are a common sight at airports, railroad stations or maintenance yards as car wash equipment, and at many types of industrial installations as a plant and facility equipment. Since they are extensively used in various places, they have evolved into various types based on the applications. Given the many options, it has become a daunting task to find a right one for your requirements.
Here, we will discuss factors to consider while finding an appropriate machine to suit your purpose and facility.
Factor 1: Motor
The first element that you should look at is the motor, which acts as the heart of a vacuum. A less expensive vacuum with low capacity is often installed with a single stage motor. In these types, the same motor is used to collect the debris in the vacuum and to keep the motor cool. Due to this, the probability of dirt being settled into the motor increases, which reduces the life expectancy. All good quality vacuum cleaners are fitted with two-stage motors, also known as by-pass motors.
In a two stage motor vacuum cleaner, the impeller housing is isolated from the motor housing, this isolation seals the dirt out, making vacuum last long. To cool the motor, a cooling fan is installed in the motor housing. Because two motors are used, the machine is expensive; however, it adds to reliability and longevity.
Factor 2: Construction
Is the vacuum made from plastic, thin gauge metal, or rugged industry grade metal? This is what you need to check. The construction of a vacuum directly determines the life of a vacuum in challenging environment, which is common at industrial sites. If you are looking for shop vacuum cleaners, then a plastic made vacuum will serve the purpose. However, if you have application in industrial settings, then the construction should be of high-density heavy wall plastic or heavy gauge stainless steel.
Factor 3: Filtration system
This factor determines the performance of a machine. If you want to clean fine powdery materials, then go for a multiple-element filtering system. The first element traps the bulk, whereas the second element captures what gets pass progressively through to the first filter. A standard vacuum can filter particle sizes around 10 to 20 microns. However, there are special types known as HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filters that can filter up to 0.3 microns. They were originally used as air pollution control equipment that recovered hazardous materials, however, now they have application in many settings, especially in pharmaceutical industry, where clean rooms are standard.
Factor 4: Application
Figure out the primary application; it will help you determine if you will need a high-lift or high-flow machine. To vacuum powdery materials, like dust and soot, high-flow vacuum will be ideal. If application involves wet pickup, then a vacuum with static water lift will suit your needs well. If you need to capture both liquid and dry waste, buy a vacuum that combines both static water lift and high-capacity airflow system.
The above mentioned factors will help you find a vacuum that not only will perform well but also last for a long time.
Vacuum Cleaner Terms
- A specification that rates the output
power of vacuum cleaners rather than their input power, as measured at
the vacuum cleaner inlet with air flow suction. This is also referred
to as "sucking power."
- A characteristic of vacuum motors that are air-cooled with a ventilator that is independent of the cleaning air. Usually found in either tangential exhaust systems or peripheral systems.
- International professional designation available through training and testing by the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE).
- Family of chemicals used as refrigerants, being tightly regulated and phased out of production due to stratospheric ozone depletion potential. Examples: R-11, R-12, R-113, R-114, R-115.
- A design of a vacuum cleaner in which the filtering system cleans the dirt suction airflow before it goes through the fan or fans of the suction motor. This prevents damage to the fan that results from material carried by a dirty-air system and usually creates considerably more suction, particularly when a hose and attachments are used.
- Cyclonic systems that separate the dust particles from the airflow by spinning the air with a separation chamber. The spinning causes centrifugal force to move the dust particles outward while the air exits from the inner part of the chamber; some cleaners utilize multiple chambers and most cleaners add filters to increase the total system filtration efficiency.
- A design of a vacuum cleaner in which the airflow, which picks up the dirt, passes through the fan of the suction motor before it is cleaned by the filtering system.
- A special type of vacuum cleaner hose that has internal wires that carry electrical current to the power nozzle's motor. Typically, these hoses reinforce the hose, but not always like crush resistant hoses.
- A kind of filter media consisting of very fine synthetic fibers on which a static electric charge builds as air passes through. The charge draws the smallest allergen and dust particles, helping the filter retain them.
- The fan or impeller that creates the suction necessary for the vacuum.
- The percentage of particles retained by the primary filter as air passes through it. The efficiency increases as the size of the particles increase.
- A filtering efficiency specification whose purpose is to effectively remove radioactive dust from plant exhausts without redistribution. This filter must be able to capture 99.97% of all particles 0.3 mm (micrometers or microns) in size or larger from the air that goes through it.
- A type of filter or paper bag that uses similar construction or fibers to that used in a true HEPA filter. While being a significant improvement over regular filters, the vacuum that uses it may not have a completely sealed filtration system, so there is no guarantee that the stringent HEPA specification will be met by it.
- A kind of filter that is able to capture micron size particles at an extremely high efficiency rate.
- The exhausting of cleaned air through many small openings on the vacuum motor perimeter.
- In relation to the airflow in a vacuum cleaner, the opposition to a passage of air. This occurs in a variety of ways in a vacuum cleaner system.
- This manufacturing process creates dust recovery tanks along with other vacuum equipment. It is the molding of a flat aluminum disc to make a deep container from one piece of metal without soldering so that all parts made this way are free from air leaks and ensure the highest vacuum strength.
- The exhausting of cleaned air through a single exit on the side of the motor.
- A characteristic of particular vacuum motors in which the cleaning air flows through the casing to cool it.
- A filtering efficiency specification for filters utilized in environments that require the maximum degree of clean air, like pharmaceutical labs. Specifically, these filters must retain particles 0.12 mm or larger with the efficiency rating of 99.999%; the testing and marking of certified ULPA filters ensures that these filters are attaining the ULPA specification.
- The speed of air at any given point in the vacuum cleaner system. It is the force of the air that collects the dirt and moves it into the bag or dirt receptacle.
- In terms of vacuum cleaners, a measure of the power of the vacuum created by the suction motor. This is essentially a measurement of how high water is lifted by a vacuum hose attached to a tube placed in water.