Conveyors are a type of material handling equipment which assists in moving products, packages, foods or equipment from one place inside a facility to another, or through various stages of automated manufacturing or finishing. Because conveyors move such a broad range of items, different conveyor configurations are available to meet the material handling needs of manufacturers and distributors everywhere. Belt conveyors are the most common, followed by chain conveyors, roller conveyors, spiral conveyors, overhead conveyors, vertical conveyors and conveyor systems, which may use combinations of many different conveyor types.
Conveyors are usually motorized, but some conveyor types, such as ball transfer and chute, are gravity conveyors. Pneumatic conveyors also assist in transporting materials, but these tubular air-powered conveyors specialize in bulk powder solid transportation, a different type of conveying. Manufacturers and package handlers in almost every industry make use of various types of conveyors or conveyor systems, especially food conveyors and industrial conveyors, to transport parts, products and packages through various processing systems. In a setting, such as a manufacturing business, conveyors may be set up between work stations.
The most typical conveyor is the belt conveyor, which consists of a wide polymer or rubber belt wrapped around rollers which turn in the same direction, giving the belt and all objects on the belt linear movement. This same construction is used with chain conveyors, except that chains are wrapped around the wheels instead of a belt; chain conveyors may move products along one chain or multiple parallel chains. These are the most common conveyor types, being used for general product movement in food processing, packaging and parts manufacturing industries to transport items or to move unfinished products through various stages of processing. Chain conveyors utilizes parallel horizontal chains to move materials through a conveyor system and from one place inside a facility to another, or through various stages of automated manufacturing or finishing. Chain conveyors are commonly used to move parts such as powdered metal parts through ovens for sintering or drying, or to move unfinished metal parts through parts washing processes.
Roller conveyors are commonly used in these industries as well, using individual rollers placed parallel to one another to provide movement. Vertical conveyors are configured with platforms, buckets, grippers or magnets around moving belts or chains, which lift items from one level to another; although not as common, vertical conveyors can be crucial in facilities where it is necessary to safely transport food items or parts vertically. Parts manufacturers frequently use overhead conveyors to transport parts and products across a facility and/or through processing systems such as spray paint booths, dryers or ovens. Conveyor systems combine many or all of these conveyor types to transport products across a facility or to move unfinished products through automated assembly lines or finishing processes. While most conveyors are powered by electric or pneumatic motors and drive systems, some conveyors are propelled by gravity; roller conveyors are often moved by the inertia of products or packages rolling over them, a design typically used in downward spiral conveyors.
Conveyor and conveyor system manufacturers are creating innovative solutions to new manufacturing challenges every day. All conveyors may twist, turn and travel vertically up and down floors to transfer items. As a result, modern conveyor systems are equipped not only to move parts across horizontal and vertical distances, but also to curve, divert, lift and sort products and packages as part of complete automated systems. These types of advanced conveying processes are done by brushes, magnets, automated levers, rails and even simple gravity. Packaging industries have designed conveyor systems pre-programmed to sort specific boxes into separate chutes, and automated food processing conveyors can handle and sort the most delicate fruits and vegetables using sensors and robotic handlers. When integrated with robotic processing, conveyors and conveyor systems become powerful processing tools.
The modern conveyor belt dates back to 1892, when inventor Thomas Robins created a rotating system of belts to aid in the extraction of ores and coal in the mining industry. Since then, there have been many revisions and new takes on the idea of a heavy-duty conveyor system. New implementations include the chain conveyor, overhead conveyor, roller conveyor, and the updated conveyor belt, using modern, corrosion resistant materials such as stainless steel.
Conveyor Manufacturers - Fori Automation
Conveyor Manufacturers - Fori Automation
Conveyor Manufacturers - Metzgar Conveyors
Food Conveyor Manufacturers - Flexicon
Conveyor Manufacturers - Metzgar Conveyors
Conveyor Manufacturers - Metzgar Conveyors
Depending on the type of conveyor system being used, there are different ways they are intended to function. Some conveyors use gravity, others allow the worker to give the object a solid push to get it moving down the conveyor, but many are operated mechanically for automatic transport.
Gravity roller conveyors are essentially a line of freely moving conveyor rollers, often placed at a slight downward angle, giving rigid items, such as boxes, a direct, energy-free route from one section to another.
Overhead conveyors can be either mechanically or manually operated. The idea behind an overhead conveyor is that it saves ground space by employing a series of tracks attached to the ceiling of the warehouse or factory. A free-hanging chain, pulley, hook, or any other transportation vessel in attached and performs the same action as any other conveyor, only from above rather than on the floor.
Belt conveyors and chain conveyors are almost always mechanically operating. These systems perform their function with the aid of a mechanical system called a V-Belt Drive. The V-Belt Drive is the turning part that pulls the conveyor. The type of conveyor surface, as with any machinery, is determined by the items being moved. Chain conveyors are a metal, mesh-like surface, reminiscent of a chain link fence. The belt conveyor, as it implies, is a soft, flexible belt, often times made of rubber.
Deciding on which conveyor system is most appropriate is not always a straightforward process. It is often the best course of action to consider the details of an operation, such as where this system is to be located, how often it is going to be used, where the items need to be moved to, any obstacles in the way, how often, depending on wear and tear, you might need conveyor maintenance, and, most importantly, what you are going to be moving with your conveyor system.
The main benefit of the iconic conveyor belt is its simplicity. It is a flat, smooth surface that pulls items from any point on the belt, to its end, or the next belt lined up to it. This is an ideal system for most small to medium sized products, especially boxes and bulk materials. If you take into account weight and size of your products, the belt conveyor can be a versatile system for several types of operations.
Just make sure to take into account the effect the product could have on the belt. Is it sharp? Is it perhaps sticky or coated in an oil? If so, perhaps another system may be better suited for this product.
Chain conveyors are often seen in food production. For example, a chain conveyor using non-stick stainless steel can be used in the production of donuts, gently moving the dough and finished products through the several stages of cooking and flavoring, with less risk of the food items sticking to the conveyors. These also allow for easier cleaning due to their open and flexible pattern.
A roller conveyor system is a primary candidate for warehouses or shipping. Boxes of all sizes are seamlessly moved with far less stress on workers than if they were to pick them up and walk them to their secondary location. With a gravity based rolling system, a worker only has to place the box, or any object being produced for that matter, onto the roller system and give it a push. The low-friction roller system allows the box to fly across the factory as if it weighed next to nothing. Even more effortless is the motorized roller system. The motorized roller conveyor performs the same task, except it uses a mechanical system, such as a V-Belt Drive, to rotate the rollers at a consistent pace.
Overhead conveyors are among the most open-ended systems available. If your warehouse or workshop has a ceiling or series of beams with good structural integrity, the movement of anything from a small part to something as heavy, or even heavier, than an engine block, becomes much easier. Rather than having to lift a part up onto a ground conveyor, these overhead conveyor systems open up the use of pulleys, levers, and other practical methods to lifting and positioning products. Once the part has been secured onto the hook, chain, platform, or any other method being utilized, the part is then either pushed or mechanically pulled by the rail system on the ceiling.
The overhead conveyors also have the added benefit of opening up ground space and providing the product with a direct path from one end of a workshop or warehouse to the other without the obstacles of workspace being taken up on the ground. The advantages of overhead systems is the combination of efficiency and ease of use. Even a multi-story operation can optimize their productivity by eliminating the bulk and hassle of a conveyor belt going from a second floor to a first floor by just using the simple, low maintenance overhead system. Simply keep the tracks cleaned, well lubricated, and regularly inspected is all it takes to keep your system safe and running smoothly for a long time.
Conveyor manufacturers often have expert technicians who are well qualified to install a wide range of conveyor systems, but it doesn't hurt to know the basics of how such a system is implemented. They all follow a similar process, despite their functional differences. Ground conveyors (not including overhead conveyor systems) are installed after designating an area to them. An operation's layout may be altered or centered around the conveyors depending on floor or space restrictions, or simply for ease of access. The height of the system is optimized for the type of work stations it may be attached to. The direction, of course, is based on where you want the finished product to end up, and is meant to be designed in relation to the flow of the workshop or warehouse. The conveyors must be optimized to properly material handle the products assigned to it.
The system is set up with its base fixed and direction determined. The tracks are set up, holding the gears, pulleys, cogs, belts, chains, and any other parts serving the conveyor system's primary function. Then, assuming the model is mechanical, the motor, belt drive, power system, and weight distribution systems (again, depending on the type of conveyor) is set up and checked to ensure proper functionality.
If the system is gravity based, like with a free-spinning roller conveyor, the rollers are placed within the grooves and predetermined slots on the conveyor tracks and locked into place, while still allowing the rollers to spin freely.
With the overhead conveyors, the process is not much different. First, the path of the rails is determined based on the structure itself. The one downside of an overhead conveyor, compared to ground conveyors, is that they can only be placed where the structure will allow it to safely hang. The restrictions become even more intensive as the object gets heavier. With a ground system, weight is not as much an issue if the conveyor can tolerate it. With the overhead rails in place, the next step is attaching the chains, belts, pulleys, free-hanging vessels or chains, and the motor in the case of a mechanically operated overhead conveyor.
Then, the only thing left to do is test out the new system. Place products as you would normally, giving the system a trial run. Most conveyors can be lined up, connected, change direction, and bring things to higher or lower ground. These aspects are sometimes not available with less flexible systems, but inquiring about your specific needs with the conveyor manufacturer or installer is always recommended. The main purpose of conveyor belts is to improve your efficiency, so specific aspects should be a priority when ordering one.
Safety is a given in any professional operation. Every aspect must be taken into consideration when using conveyor equipment. Will this set up pose any sort of risk to you or your workers? Can the system, if not properly used, damage products? Are there any indirect risks created as a result of implementing a conveyor system? These questions must be addressed and investigated if the answer is 'yes' to any of them. Overhead conveyors can be a hazard if improperly placed, possibly hitting objects or workers. Or, if an item is not properly secured, it could fall, opening a new variety of potential risks. Even traditional ground conveyors can block paths, catch loose objects, such as shirts, neck ties, hair, or cause someone's finger to get caught.
Safety training is necessary for the health and well-being of your workers, yourself, and the company as a whole. As an employer, you could be liable for dangerous conditions. The installation of these conveyor systems must be supervised and inspected by a professional to avoid risks or hazards that you may not even have considered. These experts are trained to mitigate safety issues and understand dangers or potential problems that, to the untrained eye, may not seem problematic at all.
A conveyor system is an industrial handling equipment that transfers heavy industrial goods from one place to another. These machines offer a great convenience to a manufacturing business by unloading the burden of their workers. With these machines, moving heavy and bulky materials to other places or levels becomes easy.
Conveyors are used for quick and safe handling of materials within the perimeter of the plant. This plant and facility equipment is available in a wide variety of design and capacity options to suit a variety of industrial requirements. Wheel and chain conveyors are two of the most common types. Traditional conveyors are run by hand (by laborers), while the modern machines are mostly fueled by electricity.
The importance of conveyors cannot be overlooked in industrial processes. For safe, reliable, and timely conveyance of materials, conveyor systems need to be kept well maintained. On time maintenance ensures unbarred and enduring performance.
Here are a few tips for easy maintenance of conveyor systems -
Regular Inspection - You should have machine experts in your team to take a closer look at the irregularities in your plant's conveyor system. You should ask them to create an inspection routine. There should be a checklist that should include all the standard and essential points regarding the performance of the machine. These factors should be checked on a regular basis in order to avoid the intensification of any insignificant problem.
The idea is to make sure that your machine is working properly and is not experiencing any hindrance in its operation. The routine checkup will lower the chances of unexpected downtimes, which can cost you thousands of dollars.
Training of personnel - The second most important step to increase the efficiency of your conveyor system is to train your staff about handling and maintenance for the machine. If your staff is updated with these pieces of information and sets of procedures, you would be able to address the problems the moment they occur in the conveyor system.
Customized conveyor systems - At times, because of incompatibility, conveyor systems fail to meet your application requirements. Sometimes, low capacity conveyors are used for moving heavy materials. Such practices may result in machine damage. You should consider having a customized conveyor system at your facility. By choosing to customize your machine according to your specific application requirements, you will put an end to all such possibilities.
Have backups ready - Ask your expert mechanics to have essential conveyor parts ready as backup in their store. In case, there is a need for quick repair or replacement, such backups will stand as a great help. Furthermore, you should make provisions for sufficient power backup systems in place, since modern-day conveyors work on electricity.
Proper cleaning - Last but not the least, your facility should have arrangements for adequate cleaning. There should be an active dust management system to control the spread of dust and other particulates inside your plant. It will help you keep dust and other possible contaminants away from your conveyor system. Just like the maintenance of conveyor system, you should have a daily checklist of cleaning routines for your site.
A conveyor system is a machine, used by industries to move pieces of heavy equipment from one place to another at their manufacturing plant or warehouse. For the safe handling of machines and products, it is important to choose the right type of conveyor system.
Understand the different types and capacities of conveyor systems
On the basis of your application requirements - such as, size, capacity, length, speed, control, product, etc. - this plant and facility equipment can be categorized into many types. There are also available customization options.
Based on their mechanism, different types of conveyor systems are: chute conveyor, chain conveyor, roller conveyor, flat belt conveyor, magnetic conveyor, and wheel conveyor. Conveyors come in a diversity of sizes and capacities. You can get your machine's capacity and conveyor belt size designed to your specification. When selecting a conveyor, your focus should be on your requirements. You can ask your supplier to design and provide you with a machine that fulfils your needs.
Ease in operation
You should pick a system that does not have a complex control panel. It is imperative because your workers will be operating the machine, not the engineers who have designed it. Therefore, you should select a conveyor that has a simple operating system.
When scanning through the quotations from various conveyor suppliers, you should give preference to a supplier, who has the latest machines in their inventory. This way, you will get hold of the most advanced technology for your process.
Safe to use
Using a machine that does not fit into your specifications and space could raise safety concerns. You should invest in a conveyor system that supports the safety of users and the products that it has to move.
Reliable and low on maintenance
To save on your repair and maintenance outlays, you should buy a conveyor system offered by a reliable supplier. In addition to this, you should also make sure that the machine has dependable and tried and tested design, while being low on maintenance. These factors help you save a lot on frequent, unwanted repair and maintenance requirements.
Conveyor systems run on electricity. You should double check from your supplier about the energy efficiency rating of the machine you are interested in.
Modularity is a significant factor to look for. Ensure that your conveyor system has thoroughly engineered sections and modules that give you the freedom to make future additions.
Know your product well
Before you finalize the deal, it would be ideal to check through the brochure of your product. The idea is to know every single detail about the machine that you are going to purchase. You should learn about its features, specifications, and operations. Apart from this, you should also know your system's requirements.
Having these details and your application requirements in your consideration, will help you in selecting the right conveyor system for your process.
Conveyor systems are advanced material handling technology that involves the transportation, safe management and storage of a wide range of materials. These advancements are used across industries by manufacturing, transportation, packaging, and warehousing businesses. Every business is not the same size. They do not operate on the same level. Therefore, it needs to be made sure that the right type, size, and capacity of conveyor system is used by the plant.
For the selection of an appropriate conveyor system, factors to keep in consideration are - product size, product weight, quantity, frequency of conveyance, plant environment, and power options.
There are different types of conveyor systems available to suit varying application requirements. Here, the following offers a brief summary about various types of conveyors-
These machines are used by packaging businesses. They use it for loading/unloading packages into/from the vehicle and sorting the packages or products at the their facility. Gravity conveyors are cheaper than other types of conveyors, due to their minimal and simple machine parts. Also, gravity conveyors do not have advanced control options, as there is no provision for power input. Simply, these are non-powered conveyors that are used for limited applications.
Belt conveyors are used for transporting materials from one place to another. These conveyors are used for handling packages and materials. Many businesses use them for moving medium to small size packages and materials. Belt conveyors are used in elevators. The platform in a belt conveyor is moved by a moving and controllable "belt".
Roller conveyors have rollers to move the materials and parts placed on them. It is considered the best utility for moving lightweight products and packages. The rollers can handle small to medium size and weight materials.
In addition, there is also minimum pressure conveyor systems available - that is also a type of roller conveyor. Minimum pressure systems are a solution for medium size products in a facility that has short sections and limited space.
Additionally, roller pallet conveyors are taken in use for dragging or moving extremely heavy loads. They are also a type of roller conveyors.
Drag Chain Pallet Conveyors
These systems have a robust chain to drag, move or handle heavyweight products, parts and materials. Apart from heavy loads, these conveyors are considered ideal for extreme high and low temperature and high-pressure environments. These machines can also be used for moving special pallet configurations.
Overhead conveyor is a material handling technology for food packaging, trash removal, assembly line, and paint businesses. These machines work on the oldest principles of material handling technique. However, due to their reliability and consistency, they are used in the present time as well. Additionally, they do not also require frequent maintenance. That's why, overhead conveyors are still an ideal choice for a large number of businesses.
Technically known as magnetic slide conveyors, these machines are utilized for moving small packages. In addition to that, you can also use them for removing small metal parts and chips from a machinery or an amassing of materials.
When picking a manufacturer or conveyor company to buy your new system, take into consideration the prices, the reputation of the company, their willingness to serve your needs, and the services they offer. By checking reviews, you can have an idea of other individuals' experiences with the company you are considering purchasing from. Call the manufacturer, explain to them what you are looking to purchase, or ask them what would best suit your needs. By just investigating and understand how these companies operate, you save yourself the risk of being unhappy with your conveyors, while also obtaining some insight on how to best implement them into your daily operations.
Conveyor System Terms
Axle - A non-rotating shaft that wheels and rollers are mounted on in a conveyor system.