Industrial lubricants are applied to moving parts and areas of friction
in order to prevent wear. Bearings, dies, chains, cables, spindles,
pumps, rails, and gears need to be lubricated in order to make
equipment run smoothly and reliably. There are many different types of
lubricants, including oils, greases and other fluids.
Lubricant is necessary in almost every industry that uses machinery, including food service, textile, medical, shipping and packaging, manufacturing, marine, aerospace and automotive. Specific applications include bottling machines, agriculture and construction tools, assembly lines, industrial ovens and engines for planes and ships. Besides reducing friction between moving parts, protecting against corrosion and oxidation and preserving the product material against normal aging, industrial lubricants may also be specially designed for particular characteristics, such as enhancing thermal conduction or reducing electrical receptivity. Industrial lubricating encompasses a large scope of lubricant types. Engine lubricants, are exclusively developed for engine needs, while marine lubricants serve boats the same way. Just a couple examples of how industrial lubes are utilized. The need for lubrication is not specific to manufacturing; many products that are used in the consumer product context everyday require regular lubrication, including cars and computer technology.
Natural oils, petroleum oil, grease and synthetic oils are all commonly used industrial lubricants, all of which have subcategories as well. Synthetic lubricants are chemical compounds specially engineered to produce characteristics desired by buyers of lubricants. They are usually more expensive than their organic counterparts, but they provide added benefits, like cooling faster and resisting fire. Common bases for synthetic lubricants are ester, silicone, polyalphaolefin and glycol. Ester lubricants have particularly high heat-resistant and are therefore popular among industries requiring high temperature lubricants. Natural or organic oil is a phrase almost always referring to petroleum, which is a liquid retrieved from underground reserves of ancient rock. Petroleum is particularly popular among the automotive industry. The only other well known natural oils are those associated with biodegradable factors, which is why they are utilized in the first place. Soybean extract that has been genetically enhanced, as well as vegetable oil and sheep wool oil are all environmentally friendly lubricants that are popular because of the small ecological footprint they create when used.