Here is everything you need to know about corrugated boxes on the internet.
You will learn:
- What is a Corrugated Box?
- How Corrugated Boxes are Made
- The Fiberboard Used to Manufacture Corrugated Boxes
- The Types of Corrugated Boxes
- And much more
Chapter One – What is a Corrugated Box?
A corrugated box is a disposable container whose sides are made up of layers of material that include an inside layer, outer layer, and middle layer. The middle layer, between the outer and inner layers, is fluted, which are rigid wave shaped arches that provide cushioning and support for weighted materials placed in a corrugated box.
The common cardboard box has been around for over 200 years. The adding of flutes for corrugation began in the middle of the first industrial revolution. Over the years, since its development, the corrugated box has become the most common form of shipping container and is found in every aspect of material management and transport.
Chapter Two – How Corrugated Boxes are Made
Though the construction of a corrugated box may seem to be a simple and easy process, there are various elements that have to be considered prior to beginning manufacturing. As with all manufacturing and shipping equipment, corrugated boxes are designed and engineered to determine what they can hold, how much they can hold, and their strength.
The first steps in box manufacturing is to examine the various elements of the box, which are construction, flute size, burst strength, edge crush strength, flat crush strength, the heaviness of the cardboard sheets, weight of the paper, and types of surface treatments.
The Important Elements of a Corrugated Box
There are three types of walls for a corrugated box, which are single, double, or triple walls.
This is the simplest corrugated wall design and has a single outer layer and inner layer with fluting between the two layers.
The double wall design adds an additional layer of fluting to produce a box that is capable of handling heavier and larger items.
As the name implies, triple wall corrugated boxes have three layers of flutes with each layer having different sized flutes to add stability. The added layers maximize cushioning and compression strength.
There are five common types of corrugated flutings, which are A, B, C, E, and F. Though these are standard, manufacturers designers can create and construct customized versions, which are combinations of the standard versions or totally unique and unusual designs.
- A – is the original type of flute at 36 flutes per foot and is used for double wall applications and thick corrugated padding.
- B – has the second highest arch size with 49 flutes per foot and has stacking strength and crush resistance.
- C – most commonly used flute with 41 flutes per foot for cushioning, stacking, and printing properties.
- E – second common flute, environmentally friendly with 90 flutes per foot.
F – has small, tighter flutes, and is environmentally friendly with128 flutes per foot.
Aside from the five above flute styles , there are specialty flutes that are combinations of the above flutes or ones, such as D flute, that fall between the regularly used flutes. Other special flutes include EE, EF, and BC, which are used with double wall flute profiles. Flutes such as N and O are rarely used and are extremely small at less than half a millimeter.
The burst strength of a corrugated box refers to the amount of force that is necessary before the material ruptures, cracks, or falls apart. There are two tests given to corrugated boxes to test their burst strength, which are the Mullen Test and the Edge Crush Test (ECT). The Mullen test applies force to the face of the corrugated material until it bursts. The results of the test are given in pounds with a rating. A box rated at 200# can withstand 200 pounds of force per square inch. As the name implies, the edge test measures the amount of force the edge of a corrugated box can withstand.
The flat crush test is designed to determine the strength of the fluting. A specimen of the corrugated board fluting is cut from the side of a box. Pressure is applied at 12.5 mm per minute. The amount of force is measured in Newtons or pounds.
The basis weight is a measurement of the weight of cardboard sheets before being made into boxes and is the weight, in pounds, of a ream of paper. Since paper comes in different sizes and widths, the basis weight can vary and must be calculated by measuring and weighing a piece of paper.
The weight of cardboard is dependent on how thick the cardboard paper is. The weight of the paper to make the sheets of corrugation is measured in pounds, which can vary from 26 lbs. to 42 lbs.
During the production of corrugated boxes, coatings and finishes are applied to protect the stability of the box and give it a certain appearance. There are two basic types of coatings, which are aqueous and UV.
Aqueous is a clear fast drying coating that services as protection for the surface of a box. It can be high gloss or matt and protects against wear and dirt.
Ultraviolet is cured under ultraviolet light and is resistant to scratches and scuffs. It is more expensive than aqueous coating but lasts longer and is sturdier.
How Corrugated Boxes are Made
The machine that produces the corrugated board for corrugated boxes is called a corrugator. The main elements of corrugated board are liners that are the flat facing of the board and come from various grades of paper. This central element is made from the long fibers of softwood trees. The fluted portion is made from shorter fibers found in hardwood trees.
Huge rolls of paper are combined in a single facer that produces the fluted form. To create the flute, the paper is steam heated to 170o C. The fluted paper is attached to a single sheet of the liner by the application of glue at a controlled temperature to the peaks of the flutes and pressed flat by pressure rollers. This produces the single faced web.
The single faced web leaves the single facer and moves on to the double glue unit and double backer. To produce a double wall corrugated paper, two single face webs are fed into the unit as well as the liner. In the double glue unit, the exposed flute tips have glue applied to connect the outside liner. During the process, the liner and fluted single face web are constantly heated at controlled and monitored temperatures to cure the glue and ensure a secure bond.
After leaving the double backer, the corrugated board is pulled through the dryer, scored, and cut to the required lengths.
The various lengths of board are stacked to be fed into the box printing and creation equipment. Depending on the types of box, they are printed with logos, designs, and an assortment of colors.
The scored, printed, and cut corrugated boards are fed into a trimmer that perforates the boards to create flaps and handles. This process can complete as many as 90 boxes per minute.
Once the boxes have been sufficiently formed and trimmed, they are sent on to the folding machine that bends the box along the score lines and applies glue to the sections that will be joined together to complete the forming of the box.
The complete process from the cutting of the corrugated board to the printing, slotting, and shaping of the box can be seen in the diagram below.
Chapter Three – Uses for Corrugated Boxes
What we consider to be the common shipping box is one of the most used shipping tools available to manufacturers for use in shipping their products. Since corrugated boxes can be designed and produced to fit nearly every shipping need, they are one of the most omnipresent and accessible of logistical devices.
Corrugated boxes are famous for their structural rigidity and protective cushioning for shipping fragile and delicate items. There are countless advantages to using corrugated boxes that can be customized to fit any type of shipping need.
An important reason that corrugated boxes are used by industry is the ability of box manufacturers to print on the boxes and place a company’s logo. A clean image of a company’s logo goes a long way to promoting their brand and making it recognizable. Boxes are an inexpensive way of making a company’s image unique and distinct.
Uses for Corrugated Boxes
In the manufacturing process of corrugated boxes, the glue used to connect the flutes and liners is made from water and starch to avoid contaminating fresh fruits and vegetables. There are many benefits to using corrugated boxes for shipping food. The most important of the benefits is their safety and resistance to bacterial infection. Various research studies have shown that corrugated boxes keep food fresher longer.
Office Supply and Stationary
The main concern when shipping or storing office supplies, especially paper, is the possibility of supplies being damaged in transit or while sitting on a shelf. The strength and cushioning of corrugated boxes prevent this from happening and removes the worry of having damaged work materials when they are needed.
In the e-commerce industry, boxes serve multiple purposes, the most important of which is an efficient and highly responsive supply chain, a critical part of e-commerce. Corrugated boxes are the backbone of the e-commerce supply change and have been growing in use over the last two years. A challenge for the e-commerce industry is the shipment of smaller quantities to a growing number of unique and unusual destinations. Corrugated boxes offer the type of security and safety that the e-commerce industry demands.
Online shopping has led to a rapid rise in the use of boxes for the shipment of textiles. Billions of dollars are being invested in shipping materials that will guarantee safe, reliable, and damage free delivery. Since customer satisfaction is the key to maintaining and keeping customers, corrugated boxes have become a significant part of the planning for meeting customer demands.
It is estimated that over 50% of customers will return to a company if the textiles they receive are packaged properly. Corrugated boxes make it possible for textile manufacturers to personalize boxes to fit the product and the customer, which ensures repeat customers.
Great care has to be taken when choosing boxes for the shipping of electronics and electronic components. These types of items are fragile and can be damaged easily by not being packed correctly. For this reason, corrugated boxes are used and are supplemented with packing materials for added protection. The greatest concern is the amount of stress placed on components in the handling of the box. The shock from such stress can damage a circuit or loosen a connection. The cushioning found in a corrugated box alleviates worry and prevents damage ensuring that an electronic product arrives on time in perfect condition.
Much like the needs of the electronics industry, materials shipped for healthcare needs require the same type of care and concern. Delicate and sensitive medical instruments can be easily damaged by poor packaging and mishandling. In the case of medications, there are several requirements regarding shipping conditions to ensure that they arrive safely. The wide assortment and selection of corrugated boxes makes it possible for pharmaceutical companies to ship their products with confidence knowing that medications are well protected and safe.
Shipping materials for the battery industry have to meet strict guidelines and regulations for safety and legal compliance. The fiberboard used to produce these specially designed boxes follow the established guidelines of the corrugated box industry. Aside from the use of specially produced liners, each battery shipping container has to be clearly marked regarding the contents with appropriate safety guidelines.
The shipping of auto parts requires careful preparation since they come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. The basic rule is to protect the part to be shipped from harm by providing packing material that is sturdy, able to handle the weight, and cushioned.
The choice of container is highly dependent on the part to be shipped, which can vary from lug nuts to carburetors. Large parts need a box that won’t burst or be destroyed by handling. Box manufacturers and part suppliers have charts that offer guidance regarding what type of box to use for certain parts.
When supplying shipping materials for the military, there are several Mil-Spec regulations that have to be followed. Unlike other industrial applications, the military provides a list of requirements as well as a description of production methods for producing materials for their use. The first and most obvious requirement for military boxes is that they be sturdy.
Aside from being strong and sturdy, corrugated boxes must be designed to withstand a variety of climatic conditions, which include high humidity, extreme temperature changes, and wet environments. The function of military shipping materials is to offer maximum protection for sensitive and technical instruments as well as meet American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard D5118.
The main emphasis is protecting the contents and keeping it safe.
For publishing companies, the shipping of books, documents, magazines, and other printed material has the major problem of weight since a large amount of printed material can be significantly heavy. Once the problem of weight is resolved, the next concern is moisture, which can severely damage printed matter.
Though the exterior of corrugated boxes is coated with protective finishes, it is important to line the interior of the box with plastic or some form of wrapping material as an extra layer of protection from moisture. The most obvious solution is to use boxes that have a triple thickness of fiberboard.
Chapter Four – Types of Corrugated Fiberboard for Corrugated Boxes
The material that is used to make corrugated boxes is corrugated fiberboard that comes in different thicknesses and grades. To produce the highest quality corrugated box, the fiberboard used in the process has to include the best paper and fluting.
Corrugated fiberboard is a packaging material made by gluing fluted corrugated sheets to flat linerboards. The advantages, structure, and ecology friendly nature of corrugated fiberboard has made it an essential part of the supply chain for industry.
Types of Corrugated Fiberboard for Corrugated Boxes
Single wall fiberboard is one row of fluting that is pressed between two linerboards. The most popular flute profiles for single wall fiberboard are A, B, C, E, and F, with B and C being the most common.
Basically, double wall corrugated fiberboard is a double version of single wall fiberboard. Instead of one set of fluting, it has two that are positioned between three linerboards with one of the linerboards positioned between the two sets of fluting, which are normally AC, BC, and EB.
As the name implies, triple wall fiberboard has three lines of fluting. Though it may be assumed that the three lines are similar to the lines of double and single fiberboard walls, in triple wall fiberboard, the fluting lines are of different sizes with varying numbers of flutes.
Types of Paper Used to Make Corrugated Fiberboard
Though the thickness of fiberboard is important in determining its strength, a key defining feature is the type of paper used for liners and flutes. The types of paper used for the liners of corrugated fiberboard are kraft, test 2 and 3, chip, bleached white, white top, mottled kraft, oyster, semi chem, and waste based.
Kraft paper or paperboard is produced using the Kraft process. It has high tear resistance, is very durable, and free of lignin, which is a bonding agent in wood that is dissolved in the Kraft process by sodium sulphate. The lack of lignin adds to the strength of the paper. Kraft paper is made from softwood pulp that has long fibers that increases the strength of the paper.
Bleached White Kraft Paper
For the creation of bleached white paper, kraft paper is put through a process that involves the use of bleach and assorted chemicals, which whitens and purifies the natural Kraft pulp.
The purpose of the process is to strengthen the paper, which makes it useful for packaging heavier products. Kraft bleached white paper is known for its rigidity, strength, and durability.
Test 2 and 3 Paper Liner
Test 2 paper liner is made of partly recycled paper and is very much like Kraft paper with the exception of its burst strength. Since it does not have sufficient burst strength, it is normally used as an outside liner where puncture and water resistance are not essential.
Test 3 paper is fully recycled paper. It has a double layer and is referred to as duplex. Since it is not virgin stock, it is not as strong as Kraft paper and is normally used as an inside liner.
Test liners are not as strong as Kraft liners because of their high content of recycled materials . It is not possible to have a single description of test liners since they are divided into different classes, which change depending on their country of origin.
Chip liners are made of uncontrolled recycled materials, which means they are of lower quality and do not perform as well as other liners.
Semi-chemical fluting is produced from hardwood that has short fibers. The lignin is only slightly removed from this type of paper pulp, which produces very dense and high compression strength papers.
When the semi-chemical paper passes through a corrugator, the heat in the process creates rigid fibers as the material cools making it crush resistant.
Waste Based Flute Medium
Fluting is normally produced using waste based fluting medium due to its enhanced properties. It is made from 100% waste based material, which has been chemically enhanced and reinforced with starch. The starch additive in waste based fluting takes the place of natural lignin found in the pulp from hard and soft woods.
Waste based fluting medium grew out of environmental concerns and the need to recycle waste materials. The majority of fluting material used in manufacturing of corrugated fiberboard is waste based.
How Fiberboard is Graded
The grading of fiberboard involves the use of two commonly used methods that are predominant in the corrugated fiberboard industry. A careful study of the grades of fiberboard is essential in choosing the correct fiberboard to fit the application.
The Mullen Burst Test
The Mullen burst test has set the standard for testing fiberboard and is used by all corrugated fiberboard producers. It is the oldest of the testing methods and produces its standards in pounds.
To test corrugated fiberboard, to determine its Mullen test grade, a sample of the corrugated fiberboard is clamped into the testing device. A hydraulic arm applies force to the flat piece using a rubber diaphragm. In slow increments, force is applied by a crank or electronic mechanism until the diaphragm bursts through the fiberboard sample.
The Mullen grade determines the handling properties of the fiberboard with a grade provided in pounds. If the Mullen test gives a grade of 32#, it means that the fiberboard sample burst after 32 lbs. were applied.
Edge Crush Test
As the use of corrugated boxes has expanded and more and more boxes are loaded on a pallet, it has become necessary to determine how much weight from other boxes a corrugated box can withstand. To make that determination, the edge crush test (ECT) was developed to give corrugated fiberboard a Mullen grading and ECT grading.
As with the Mullen test, the ECT test begins with a small sample of corrugated fiberboard. In the case of the ECT test, the force is applied to the fluted edge of the sample to determine the fiberboard's resistance to crushing. The ECT tester produces a number to identify its susceptibility to being crushed, which is defined by the compression rate on the linear edge.
Chapter Five – Types of Corrugated Boxes
Corrugated boxes are designed to fit any type of shipping need, which can run into the thousands of different shapes, sizes, thicknesses, and designs. This does not include customized boxes ordered to meet specific requirements.
Though there are many thousands of types of boxes, there are basic attributes from which the more complicated designs have grown. Whenever anyone opens a box, they expect it to have a lid, top, sides, bottom, and inner space. These are a corrugated box’s basic features and expectations. The manipulation and change of those basic components lead to the wide array of different types.
The first assumption regarding all corrugated boxes is that they are sturdy, durable, and long lasting and have been shaped, formed, and processed to meet a required need and set of stipulated conditions.
Types of Corrugated Boxes
A slotted box is made from corrugated fiberboard that has been scored and slotted so that it can be folded and shaped to form a corrugated box. Of the many types of boxes, the slotted type is the most common and widely used. There is an endless number of products, chemicals, and parts that can be shipped or stored using slotted corrugated boxes.
The term slotted box encompasses and defines an assortment of box designs that are described below.
- Regular – Flaps are of the same length with the two outer flaps being half the width of the container, which meet at the center of the box when folded.
- Half – The half slotted corrugated box is exactly like the regular version but is missing one set of flaps to form the top.
- Overlap – The flaps are the same length with the outer flaps overlapping. To secure the shape, the overlapping flaps are stapled. This design has greater length than width.
- Full Overlap – All of the flaps are the same length with the top and bottom flaps overlapping for greater support for heavier items.
- Center – For a center slotted corrugated box, the inner and outer flaps have different lengths and meet in the center when folded.
- Divider – The divider container is similar to the other slotted versions but has a pre-glued, internal divider in the center of the interior.
Telescope boxes get their name from their two sets of foldable sections, body and cover, that make up their design. Once the body and cover are folded, they fit over each other with the cover serving as the lid and the body being the container to receive what is being shipped.
A rigid corrugated box comes in three pieces with two end pieces and the body of the box. The two end pieces or panels are folded into the ends of the box with the remainder of the box being one piece that folds together. The flaps or joints are the part of the box that make it rigid.
The self erecting version of a rigid corrugated box is one piece of scored corrugated fiberboard that can fold into a slotted or telescope style container.
Folder corrugated boxes are like the self erecting rigid type that consist of one piece of corrugated fiberboard that has been scored such that it can be folded together. The types of folders include one piece, five panel, and tray.
The one piece has a flat bottom with flaps that form the sides and ends with the extensions of the side flaps forming the top. The five panel version folds in one direction with the second and fourth panels being the top and bottom and the fifth panel being a side. Trays can be five or four panel. The five panel version has a top while the four panel one does not.
Tucktop Auto Bottom Boxes
The tucktop corrugated box has been designed for quick, efficient, and easy set up. The structure of the box has been completely pre-glued. Initially, the box is flat with the bottom tucked into the body of the box and the top flaps and top extended. When the sides of the box are separated and opened, the bottom flattens allowing items to be loaded. The assembly of the box takes place in one rapid motion.
A variant of the tucktop auto bottom corrugated box is the tucktop snap lock bottom where the bottom is not pre-glued, and the bottom is formed by four flaps that fold together. The difference between the two is set up time and cost.
Double Cover Corrugated Boxes
The body of a double cover corrugated box is formed by a square or rectangular tube. The top and bottom of the box are interchangeable telescopic covers. The pieces are stored flat. When required, the top and bottom telescopic pieces are slot assembled and the tube is opened to allow positioning of the telescopic pieces.
A version of the double cover corrugated box is the interlocking type, which is a more secure and tight fitting version. There are interlocking flanges on the covers and tube to reinforce the structure of the box. The design is for shipping heavy items such as appliances and heavy equipment.
Chapter Six – The Benefits of Using Corrugated Boxes
After careful study of corrugated boxes, it is easy to see how valuable they are as a shipping tool. Their main advantage is their strength and durability even though they are made of molded paper board and glue. Each type of box is designed to perform under a wide variety of conditions from places where it rains constantly to extreme heat. This flexibility is the reason that corrugated boxes are an essential part of world shipping.
The Benefits of Using Corrugated Boxes
The ability of corrugated boxes to keep moisture and bacteria out are part of their protective strength. They serve as a stable cushion and come in sizes that can vary according to the need of the items to be shipped.
Corrugated boxes keep products safe during long-distance transportation, shipping, and handling. The type of corrugated protection can be adjusted for fragile and delicate items using varied thicknesses and sizes.
The wavy fluted medium provides a lightweight layer of protection. Corrugated fiberboard offers excellent protection against the elements as well as the wear and tear of shipping. The lightweight of corrugated fiberboard makes it a better shipping material than wood or plastic as well as being far less expensive and easier to recycle, which makes it better for the environment and pocketbook.
Though there are standard shapes and sizes of corrugated boxes, they can easily be manufactured to fit any type of circumstances and demands. An additional part of their customization is the ability to have their sides or top and bottom printed with company logos and designs.
Coatings, treatments, and different adhesives can be added as well as flame resistant finishes. Corrugated boxes come in all sizes to be easily folded into different shapes to make a perfect fit.
High-quality custom designs give a product that extra lift to make the product stand out to be recognized. Good quality shipping materials reinforce the values of a company’s operation and the power of their brand. By having a well-engineered and creative display on a corrugated box, a company creates a stronger lasting brand identity.
The main reason that corrugated boxes have become so widely used is their cost compared to other forms of containers. Their use does not require increased labor, expensive tooling, or specialized equipment. Once they have met their usefulness, the corrugated fiberboard can be returned for recycling and remanufacturing.
Every company is constantly devising methods to make their image and name known. One of the least expensive methods for achieving this goal is by placing your name and brand on a corrugated box, which can have any form, color, design, or configuration. The smallest company can appear to be a major competitor by creating a sophisticated and quality design to put on their shipping boxes. Custom branding impresses customers and presents a professional appearance.
The most important feature of corrugated boxes is their ability to be recycled and repurposed. In this age of environmental awareness, every company is striving to develop a way to protect and sustain the environment. Since over 70% of the material used to produce corrugated boxes is recyclable, corrugated boxes are an essential part of a company’s efforts in proving it is environmentally wise. According to governmental regulations, corrugated boxes are assembled using glues and materials that are non-pollutant and ecologically friendly.
A major factor in any shipping operation is the control of cost, which can be increased by shipping heaving materials in heavy boxes. Since corrugated boxes are lightweight but strong, they are the perfect solution to weight shipping problems. Regardless of their weight, corrugated boxes still have the strength to ensure the safety of any product.
One of the advantages of corrugated fiberboard is its many types that include single, double, and triple walled, which can be produced from a variety of paper types depending on shipping needs. Any product that a manufacturer can produce can be shipped using a corrugated box.
Corrugated fiberboard is an inexpensive material for printing company graphics, logos, brand names, and graphics. Included in the production of most fiberboard is a customizable printing process for the application of designs. Custom printing is a vital part of the branding process and is one of the least expensive since it does not require additional advertising cost or an advertising agency. The layer of flute protection and flat surface for printing make corrugated boxes the bridge between marketing and logistics.
The use of corrugated boxes provides companies with the opportunity for creatively developing their professional personalized logistic tool. A well designed and engineered box can be tailored to fit the culture and personality of a business. The extra effort to create a company corrugated box will differentiate a business from its competitors and place a professional image in its market.
A corrugated box is an insurance policy for products that have to travel long distances through various conditions to make it to market. The flutes and walls of a corrugated box may be the only defense a product has against the environment and the ill treatment it may receive during shipping. The extra cushioning is protection against shocks, abrasions, vibrations, and being tossed about on a plane, truck, or train.
Aside from preventing damage from abuse, corrugated boxes can protect the most fragile products, such as perfume, colon, and chemicals, from exposure to dirt, grim, dust, and bacteria. The fiberboard of a corrugated box serves as a shell casing that ensures the safe delivery of products.
A major dynamic in modern business is sustainability where you use as much as you need to match what is being resupplied. Corrugated boxes fit easily into the sustainability model since they can be repurposed at the end of their usefulness and be put back into the supply chain. This factor removes the concept of diminishing returns since a company can never run out of corrugated material or boxes.
Chapter Seven – Corrugated Box Standards and Regulations
The regulation of box manufacturing falls under the dictates of the Federal Departments of Transportation and Homeland Security. Aside from governmental regulations, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and The Joint Commission (TJC) have a set of recommendations regarding corrugated fiberboard. A final aspect of box standards is a box maker’s certification.
Box Maker’s Certification
A Box Maker’s Certificate is stamped or printed on a box telling the user or freight carrier the requirements that a box meets. It identifies the manufacturer, box specifications, and compliance. The main purpose of the certificate is to indicate the stress a box can endure, which is determined by the types of materials used to make it.
The Box Maker’s Certificate identifies the quality and capability of a box and is a good indicator of the ability of the box to protect a product. It includes information about the strength, weight, and box size.
Departments of Transportation and Homeland Security
The standards for fiberboard boxes is found in 49 CFR § 178.516, which outlines various requirements for corrugated fiberboard.
Identification code UN 4G, which is an indication of a double walled box designed to ship dangerous materials.
- Water resistance
- Bending qualities
- Assembly without cracking, breaking of the surface, or unnecessary bending
- Firmly glued
Each of the above factors are further identified with specific descriptions of each.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
The purpose of the ASTM is to develop and publish standards for any industry to provide technical guidelines for the development of products. The goal is to ensure proper performance and safety.
Listed below are a few of the ASTM standards for corrugated fiberboard from the ASTM website:
- D1974 – Standard Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes
- D4727 – Standard Specification for Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard Sheet Stock (Container Grade) and Cut Shapes
- D5118 – Standard Practice for Fabrication of Fiberboard Shipping Boxes
- D5168 – Standard Practice for Fabrication and Closure of Triple-Wall Corrugated Fiberboard Containers
- D5639 – Standard Practice for Selection of Corrugated Fiberboard Materials and Box Construction Based on Performance Requirements
- D6804 – Standard Guide for Hand Hole Design in Corrugated Boxes
The Joint Commission (TJC)
The main focus of the TJC is on health and medical supplies. Part of their mission is to manage cardboard and corrugated boxes and shipping containers using regulations from the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI). The specific regulation is:
AAMI ST 79 5.2.1 General Considerations:
AAMI ST 79 5.2.1 states that clean and sterile items should be immediately removed from shipping containers once delivered, which is further stipulated in TJC observation IC.02.02.01 EP 4 in regard to the storage of clean and sterile items.
As is indicated, the TJC emphasizes safe, clean, and unobstructed handling of medical instruments when they are packaged.
- A corrugated box is a disposable container whose sides are made up of layers of material that include an inside layer, outer layer, and middle layer.
- As with all manufacturing and shipping equipment, corrugated boxes are designed and engineered to determine what they can hold, how much they can hold, and their strength.
- Over the years, since its development, the corrugated box has become the most common form of shipping container and is found in every aspect of material management and transport.
- Since corrugated boxes can be designed and produced to fit nearly every shipping need, they are one of the most omnipresent and accessible of materials.
- A Box Maker’s Certificate is stamped or printed on a box telling the user or freight carrier the requirements that a box meets. It identifies the manufacturer, box specifications, and compliance.