Clutch sets are pre-arranged assemblages of mechanical components used to enhance or replace existing clutch systems. As every clutch system contains multiple components, these sets, more commonly referred to as kits, are designed to ease the consumer selection and purchase process. Rather than find the numerous parts individually, several parts can be purchased as a single package deal.
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Applications of Clutch Sets
Motorcycles, cars, agricultural and industrial equipment, trucks, transit coaches, and even some diesel locomotives utilize clutches. This broad array of uses necessitates a tremendous variety in clutch design, operation, and production. For that reason, there is an expansive market for clutch sets.
Clutch Set Design and Function
Materials for each clutch component are carefully chosen due to the heat and pressure they must withstand. Metallic and ceramic composites are among the most common selections for those parts that incur the greatest wear, while steel and other durable metals are used where friction materials are less essential. Some sets provide the clutch, or lever, and pressure plate, while others include pilot bearings, throw-out bearings, discs, and alignment tools as well.
In general, the compression of a clutch pedal or lever causes several springs connected to a pressure plate to compress as well. This pulls the plate and connected clutch disc away from the flywheel, which is bolted to the engines crankshaft. The disconnection stops the rotation of the clutch disc, which, in turn, disconnects the central hub of the disc from the input shaft. The driver may then shift gears or coast. After shifting, the pedal is released, and the clutch disc reengages the flywheel. The clutch system works to ensure consistent clutch engagement and disengagement.
Factors to Consider When Purchasing Clutch Sets
Some kits are designed for the specific model and year of a vehicle, while others offer more general applications. While the manufacturers provide the initial clutch, consumers are responsible for clutch replacement. In addition to replacement kits, performance enhancing clutch sets are also available and widely used, especially in competitive cars. These kits are designed to improve the speed of shifting, as well as the vehicles capacity to handle increased horsepower and torque. Torque rating, power, rotational speed, and maximum pressure allowances are important considerations when selecting the proper clutch for a given application.