Nickel (Ni) is a naturally occurring metallic chemical element that has a silvery-white color, high toughness, is ferromagnetic and has excellent resistance to corrosion and rust. Additional beneficial properties of nickel include malleability, ductility and high heat resistance.
One of the transition elements, nickel is often combined with other elements in order to form various alloys and compounds. The most common alloy nickel is used in the formation of is stainless steel, which is composed of mostly iron and approximately 18% chromium and 8% nickel. Nickel suppliers typically have in stock nickel metal alloys such as nickel 200 (which is made of 99.6% nickel) in the form of nickel sheet, nickel plate, nickel rods or nickel bars; however, some nickel suppliers may supply nickel tubing although a nickel fabrication company is far more likely. Since nickel can be found in a wide range of metals, it is utilized in a correspondingly vast number of industries including: coinage, as nickel is used to form many different countries' currency including the Euro, used in the European Union and the nickel, used in the United States; industrial, used for components such as fittings and valves as well as in processes such as electroless nickel plating; electronics, used in rechargeable batteries, certain kinds of lightbulbs and microwave tubes; and military, for use in missile components and cases for rocket motors.
After nickel has been refined, there is a variety of fabrication processes that can be used to shape the nickel into various shapes and parts for further use. One shaping process that is used for nickel, although it is not especially common, is extrusion. In nickel extrusion, nickel is heated to a molten state and then shaped by forcing the pliable nickel through a die. Nickel extrusion can produce nickel sheets, bars, rods and tubing. A more common process of shaping nickel is cold drawing. In cold drawing, no heat is added to the process, but a nickel tube or wire is drawn through a series of smaller and smaller dies, in order to reduce its diameter. The most common process that nickel is used in is a chemical reduction process referred to as electroless nickel plating. In electroless nickel plating, a catalytic reduction process of nickel ions occurs in an aqueous solution that contains a chemical reducing agent. As a result, nickel metal is deposited without requiring electrical energy. The main cause of the deposition of nickel ions as well as their reduction is the chemical reducing agent within the solution. In addition, the nickel ion deposits are very uniform in thickness in terms of both shape and size because the driving potential of the chemical reducing agent is constant at all points of the surface of the component, as long as the agitation is enough to ensure a uniform concentration of nickel ions and the reducing agent.
Nickel Manufacturers - Falcon Stainless & Alloys Corporation
Nickel Suppliers - Metalmen
Nickel Manufacturers - Aero Specialties Material Corp.
Nickel Suppliers - Aero Specialties Material Corp.
Nickel Suppliers - Aero Specialties Material Corp.
Nickel Manufacturers - Metalmen
|Material||Tensile Strength at Break (MPa)||Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa)||Modulus of Elasticity (ksi)|
|Pure Nickel||45.0 - 317||59||30000|
|All Nickel Alloys||45.0 - 2070||59.0 - 4830||4060 - 34100|
|Nitinol - High-Temperature Phase||754 - 960||560||10900|
|Nitinol - Low-Temperature Phase||754 - 960||100||4060|
|Inconel||621 - 1550||195 - 1390||25700 - 32100|
|Monel||385 - 1100||134 - 790||~24500|
|Nickel 200||379||103||10900 - 28000|
*These figures are guidelines based on industry research; they should not be presumed accurate under all circumstances and are not a substitute for certified measurements. The information is not to be interpreted as absolute material properties nor does it constitute a representation or warranty for which we assume legal liability. User shall determine suitability of the material for the intended use and assumes all risk and liability whatsoever in connection therewith.
- Deformation of a metal at a low enough temperature to prevent re-crystallization during cooling.
- A metal's ability to conduct electricity. Nickel is a good conductor, and therefore is used in wires.
- The capability of a metal, such as nickel, to allow deformation or shaping before finally fracturing.
- A process in which nickel coating is applied to a surface in a controlled chemical reduction. Electrons used are not supplied electrically, but by a chemical reducing agent.
- A process by which metal ions are attracted to a solid metal electrode. As the ions bind to the surface of the metal, they become a thin coating, which forms a protective layer to prevent corrosion.
- The process of purifying and recycling metal that was extracted from ore.
- It is the most familiar form of magnetism. Permanent magnets are ferromagnetic, and so are the metals that are attracted to them, such as nickel.
- Any binary compound of hydrogen and another element.
- The characteristic of some metals, meaning they have the ability to be shaped or formed by applying pressure.
- A type of metal which does not contain iron.
- The reaction in which oxygen is added and causes the removal of electrons from the reactant.
- An alloy with a base element of nickel, nickel-iron or cobalt, which has corrosion resistance, ability to withstand high temperatures, mechanical strength and good surface stability.