Silicone lubricants have the ability to be either dry or liquid lubricants, depending on the material composition. As a water-soluble material, silicone lubricants provide moisture protection that allows them to also function as sealants. Some of the many advantages of silicone lubricants include low friction, ability to be used in high temperatures and high oxidation-resistance.
Silicone, which is a synthetic compound usually made up of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon, makes an excellent lubricant. It is able to remain at a liquid state at room temperature as a result of its low methyl-to-methyl intermolecular interactions. Since silicone is non-reactive to most substances, silicone lubricants can be used in a wide range of applications including sliding mechanisms, gaskets, door hinges, interconnecting ground glass joints, faucets and seals, dental equipment and o-rings. As a result of their wide-ranging applications, silicone lubricants are often used in industries such as industrial, aerospace, automotive, commercial, electronics, medical, chemical processing and military. In addition to reducing friction between two moving materials, silicone lubricants can also be used for energy transfer applications. The ability of this lubricant to be either dry or liquid ways heavily in its favor, since it expands the amount of applications it can be used for.