Portable clean rooms are movable atmospheric and climate-controlled enclosures used to conduct research, fabrication and other sensitive operations. They are also often modular, and some models can be assembled and disassembled without the assistance of service companies. Portable clean rooms are useful for operations that require a basic measure of control over the environments in which their operations are conducted.
Flexibility is a major factor associated with portable clean rooms. Biopharmaceutical processing is a booming industry that has dramatically grown in the past few years. This increased demand for pharmaceuticals has created a need for more clean rooms. Portable clean rooms are an ideal choice to meet this growing demand because they are convenient to install and are easily upgraded. These clean rooms are essential for creating conditions that are suitable for applications that require high levels of cleanliness.
Manufacturers have been designing new portable clean rooms with very unique structures. These clean rooms are pre-assembled by the manufacturer and then transported by flatbed trucks to the work site. The rooms mimic similar durability features and processing capabilities of traditional clean room facilities. The simplified design also cuts costs due to less on-site construction. This allows for businesses to utilize the clean room technology much quicker. These new clean rooms are also designed for versatility with newer innovations regarding computers systems. Portable clean rooms can be expanded for with additional self-contained clean rooms if applications require more space.
Clean rooms are known for being utilized in including: automotive, semi-conductor manufacturing, military, aircraft, aerospace, pharmaceutical. However clean rooms are becoming popular in the agriculture industry. Researchers utilize clean rooms when experimenting on plant growth research as well as analyzing plant production. There are a plethora of benefits regarding the extreme level of environmental control that is associated with clean rooms. These innovations are great for any application, facility or consumer that requires particle control.
Because they are portable, and because their materials are not intended to provide the same protection as those used in permanent clean rooms, portable clean rooms cannot offer particularly high levels of air-filtration and general decontamination. When combined with the use of personnel clean suits and high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, they can provide levels of decontamination that are acceptable for some high-tech research and fabrication operations. Some models can be designed for the conducting of individual experiments; such models offer controlled enclosure volumes of no more than a few cubic feet. These can be ideal for use in bio-tech and medical testing applications. Other designs can be used to cover individual machines; this can often be the case in precision measuring operations. Operations that need access to clean rooms on a small scale will often find portable clean rooms to be an effective, economical choice.
The contaminant level standards for all clean room varieties are set by governmental regulatory authorities and international standards organizations. The United States government's US FED STD 209E standards are based on the number of 0.5 micrometer-sized particles present per cubic foot within a clean room. Clean rooms given a Class 1 rating are subject to the strictest standard; Class 1 clean rooms should contain no more than one 0.5 micrometer-sized particle per cubic foot of atmosphere. Each subsequent class number corresponds to its particulate quantity. For example, Class 100 clean rooms should feature no more than 100 0.5 micrometer-sized particles per cubic foot of atmosphere. Normal, unfiltered air, if it were to be subject to US FED STD 209E, would be given a Class 1,000,000 rating. Portable clean rooms are generally not capable of filtering air to Class 1 levels; they are more commonly assigned class numbers of 1,000 and higher. The main advantage of portable clean room systems is that they provide smaller operations with an alternative to large, expensive, permanent clean rooms.