Perforated tubes are an important component of many different systems and designs and can have a wide variety of industrial applications. Perforated tubing can be found in use throughout a multitude of different industries. Some of these industries include the food & beverage, chemical & energy, material development, irrigation, automotive, and construction industries. It is helpful to understand the different materials that these tubes can be constructed of. It is also helpful to understand what their specific applications are, and what manufacturing processes go into making them. Choosing a good vendor is an important part of any operation that requires this kind of tubing. A good vendor and a premium product can prove critical to the success of a project. Consumers should carefully consider their options before making a purchase. They should speak to the retailer of their choosing to ensure that they are getting a quality product that will suit their needs as an individual. Being knowledgeable about which perforated tubing product they are interested in purchasing can help the process go much more smoothly for shoppers. In addition to this, choosing a quality product can positively impact the success of a job or design in the long and short-term. Companies and individuals can benefit from learning as much as possible about each product-type before purchasing perforated tubing from a vendor or custom manufacturer.
What is Perforated Tubing?
Simply put, perforated tubing is a form of perforated metal or plastic that is formed into a tubular shape with multiple holes stamped into it. Perforated pipe is similar but usually made from different materials and nonmetals. Perforated tubing can be used for things like water or chemical filtration and treatment, drainage systems, and more. The type of perforated tubing that a customer may need will depend on what application it will serve. Perforated tubing and piping is manufactured in many different ways and can be put to a variety of uses.
The Different Types of Perforated Tubing and Piping
Consumers should be educated about the different types of perforated tubing or piping available to them. Different projects require different types of perforated tubing and since there are a wide variety of perforated tubes and perforated tube retailers and vendors, it is helpful to know exactly which type of tubing will be most applicable to each individual operation. Below are a few types of perforated tubing and piping, as well as what applications they are usually put to.
Perforated Stainless Steel Tubing and its Uses
Stainless steel is one of the most commonly used materials that perforated tubing is constructed of. This is because stainless steel is highly resistant to corrosion, and it doesn't rust or stain as other forms of steel such as carbon steel. It is a great choice when using perforated metal. Stainless steel contains chromium, which serves to protect the metal once it becomes oxygenated. Stainless steel is one is the most low-maintenance alloy metals. Some of the most commonly used stainless steel tubes are 304L and 316L stainless steel. This kind of perforated stainless steel tubing is usually made from T304 or T316 stainless steel sheets.
Three Different Stainless Steel Varieties of Perforated Tubing
There are three different classifications of stainless steel. These classifications have to do with the ability of the steel to harden during the manufacturing process. The three main types of stainless steel are austenitic, martensitic, and ferritic stainless steel. Each of these is respectively classified by the crystalline structures they are composed of.
Austenitic steels can be hardened a cold working process while most other stainless steel perforated tubing is hardened through a heating process. Austenitic steels can serve multiple applications throughout various industries. Austenitic steels are also non-magnetic for the most part. This metal is composed of 16% to 26% chromium and as high as 35% percent nickel. It is highly corrosion resistant. It can even resist corrosion from substances like sea water and some types of chemicals. To avoid carbide precipitation, it is recommended to use 316L austenitic steel when welding due to its lower carbon content. Austenitic steel is ideal for any parts that need to be extremely corrosion resistant. 321 Austenitic steel is stabilized using titanium which helps prevent carbide chromium formation. For this reason, 321 austenitic steel exhibits superior strength and is suited well for components that can not be easily annealed.
Martensitic steel has the lowest alloy content of these three stainless steel types. This heat-treatable type of chromium is well suited for parts that will be subjected to high amounts of stress. This type of steel can contain both high and low amounts of carbon steel. It has type 401 iron compositions. It also contains 12% chromium and as high as 1.2% carbon. Perforated tubing built of this type of steel is tempered and hardened in most cases. This steel tubing is ideal for parts that need to be equally strong and corrosion resistant.
Ferritic steel has the very lowest chromium amount among these three stainless steel varieties. It generally has good corrosion and temperature resistance. It falls somewhere in the middle as far as strength goes. It is also less expensive in most cases than the other two varieties. 430 ferritic steel is a non-heat-treatable type of chromium used for its thermal conductivity and oxidation resistance with many industrial applications. 409 Ferritic stainless steel is useful at elevated temperatures and corrosion resistant with a fair strength rating.
Aluminum Tubing and Its Uses
Perforated aluminum is lightweight and resistant to corrosion due to elements introduced during its construction processes. It gains a protective skin when exposed to oxygen in the atmosphere. It is significantly lighter than steel, nickel, and brass tubing. It comes with many surface finish options. It is also a highly reflective metal. Though in many cases protective coatings are not necessary for this type of tubing, different coatings can be added to improve corrosion resistance or else to improve things like color and strength. Aluminum that is pure tends to be highly resistant to things like chemicals or marine atmospheres. This tubing is also very useful at low temperatures. Its strength actually increases when exposed to sub-zero temperatures. Even at these temperatures, these type of tubes retains ductility. At higher temperatures, such as temperatures above 400F, this tubing loses a fair amount of its strength. The most commonly used alloy is 3003-0 H14. It is stronger than 1100 while still being easily formable. It has good resistance to weathering and chemicals. This type of metal is good where extra strength is necessary. Another versatile form of this alloy is 5052-0 H32 and H34. It is recommended for applications that require high strength.
Copper Tubing and Its Uses
Copper tubing has many useful applications. It is a malleable and highly conductive metal which boasts high thermal and electrical conductivity. This makes it useful for many reasons. It is also easy to shape and thus can fit many projects in ways that other kinds of metal tubing could not. This metal has antimicrobial properties that make capable of withstanding different types of bacteria and mold. It can be a corrosive metal so there are some instances in which this kind of tubing would not be conducive to the success of a project.
Perforated Pipe and Its Uses
Perforated piping designs allow for water to flow in either direction through holes or slots. Perforated piping can be made of a variety of materials and nonmetals including PVC, cement or clay but it is most commonly constructed of polyethylene. This type of tubing can be useful for underground drainage purposes. This is especially true in situations that require the use of outdoor drainage. This type of pipe can absorb liquid and help it to drain elsewhere. Some good applications for this type of perforated piping would include flooding beneath houses or other structures, draining systems related to pools, and different forms of landscaping and irrigation for trees and other plants. Perforated pipes are also commonly used for vehicle silencers. They are put in the vehicle's filtering tank in order to help reduce engine noise and absorb different pollutants.
Perforated Tubing Manufacturing Processes
Many manufacturers strive to continuously improve their perforated tubing design and construction processes. There are many different ways to make perforated tubing. Perforated pipes and tubing can be made using welded or lock seam methods. Each construction process depends on which materials the tubing will be made of and what purpose it will ultimately serve. Perforated tubing can be made in bulk to fit various applications or custom made for specific designs. When ordering perforated tubing from a vendor, consumers should consider a few factors. What material will they want their tubing made of? What specific thickness and gauge are they going to need? What will the overall length of the tubing end up being? What perforation configuration will best suit their purposes? (For instance, do they prefer straight or staggered perforation and do they want holes or slots?) What slot shape will they need their tubes to fit into? What perforation spacing would be best? Would they like the end types of their tubes finished or unfinished? All of these factors contribute to what construction processes will be used.
Choosing the Right Manufacturer
It would be a good idea for consumers to take the time to consider which manufacturer they plan on using. If they are purchasing tubing in bulk, they should probably carefully consider which vendor they will be purchasing from. Perforated tubing retailers and vendors should be knowledgeable about their product. A good vendor will help their clients understand the construction process used and which materials will best suit each individual application. It is also important that retailers maintain good business practices and construct their tubing from quality materials. Well constructed tubing can save shoppers both time and money in the grand scheme of things. It is better to choose a quality product that will last for a long time and serve its purposes well than choose a cheaper product that will need regular maintenance, which can become expensive. Considering the many perforated tube retailers available and choosing one that best meets a consumer's needs is important. Every vendor has their own price points and most use a variety of different construction methods. Competitive pricing within this industry can be beneficial to companies and individuals who are trying to work within a budget. Consumers should be selective and choose the vendor that will best cater to their needs.
There are so many different types of perforated tubing. With the multiple perforated metals and materials available, a multitude of construction processes, and various custom options to choose from, figuring out which type of perforated tubing best suits each design can seem like a daunting process to some consumers. Understanding as much as possible about perforated tubing can help simplify the purchasing process. Whether consumers are looking for tubing constructed from stainless steel, copper, alloys, or perforated piping, vendors should be helpful in informing their clients and helping them find the best piping or tubing for each application. Consumers should remember that the materials and construction processes of the product they are considering can have a big impact on their project's success. Perforated piping and tubing has a wide variety of applications and can be a crucial part of many different construction processes and designs. Consumers want to find a product that will work. Researching the product and speaking with a vendor beforehand may help each job go a little bit smoothly.
Perforated Tubes - Remaly Manufacturing Company, Inc.