Metals such as stainless steel, nickel, copper, aluminum, tungsten, titanium come in many different forms. Typically when referring to industrial metals, suppliers will include a number of products like bars, foils, plates, rods, sheets, strips, wires and various other forms. Suppliers frequently offer customized solutions as many types of metals can be manipulated to fit particular specifications. However, certain metals provide unique and distinct advantages. For example, aluminum 1100 is a specialized aluminum alloy which is very soft, and even though this metal cannot be hardened through heat treating processes, many applications will utilize this metal because it is very easy to shape and weld. 316 stainless steel is another example of a popular alloy because of its superior resistance to corrosion. There are many industries which utilize industrial metals including: construction, automotive, aerospace, medical, electronic components, marine and much more.
Aluminum and aluminum alloys may be made into a variety of shapes for use in a variety of industries. Shapes and similar products include: bars, coils, plates, tubing, sheet, strip, wire, rods, and pipes. These products are useful in the architectural, chemical, defense, automotive, aerospace, transportation, marine, and food and beverage industries, among others.
In architecture, they may be used to construct siding, roofs, windows, and doors, and they may also act as an insulative layer of a building. In the world of chemistry, aluminum is a common ingredient of antacids. Aluminum is also a common element of aircraft wings, military vehicles, and irrigation pipes, not to mention automobiles, transport cables, and overhead power lines. On the factory floor, aluminum is used to make beer and soft drink cans, and around the house, aluminum is found in food storage foil, pots and pans, cooking utensils and appliances.
Copper is an abundant metal which is used extensively in manufacturing many different products. The metal is used so frequently because it exhibits many useful properties like the ability to effectively conduct both heat and electricity. It is also a ductile metal which makes it easy to mold and draw out into wire, so the metal is used most commonly in electronic devices and wiring. However, copper tubes, sheets, and strips are also commonly used in products like air conditioners, refrigerators, automotive parts, cookware, and lighting components. Copper can be blended with other metals to form useful alloys as well, the most common of these being brass and bronze.
Brass is an extremely popular copper alloy which most often exhibits a muted buttery yellow color similar to gold, though color will vary among the specific brass compositions. Typically, brass is comprised of 67% copper and 33% zinc. As a general rule, the more zinc, the lighter the color of the brass.
Bronze is one of the most popular of copper alloys, in close competition with brass as the most commonly used alloy of this non-ferrous metal. The exact amount of copper in bronze is extremely variable and rangers from 60% to nearly 90% in some commercial grades. The second most prevalent element in bronze is tin, which is also variable commonly composing between 12% and 40% of the alloy.
Nickel is a naturally occurring chemical element, identified with the atomic number 28 and the symbol Ni. A transition metal, nickel is usually found in the earth in combination with iron (Fe). First isolated and identified as a chemical element in 1751, this silvery-white metal has been found in tools dating all the way back to 3500 BC.
Nickel has enjoyed many years of popularity because of its excellent properties, which include malleability, ductility, high heat resistance, durability, ferromagnetism, and exceptional rust and corrosion resistance.
Suppliers sell nickel to a variety of industries, such as military and defense, electronics, coinage, and industrial manufacturing. In military and defense, nickel and nickel alloys are used to fabricate, among other things, cases for rocket motors and missile components.
Stainless steel is a category of steel which is especially resistant to corrosion, rust, and staining. This type of steel is distinguished by its chromium content which gives the metal its impressive corrosion and rust resistant qualities. Stainless steel contains a minimum of 10% chromium, and different kinds of stainless steel can be achieved with varying quantities of chromium, nickel, and molybdenum. This metal lasts significantly longer than most other materials, requires very little maintenance, and is completely recyclable, which makes it an exceptional option for a huge variety of applications.
A wide assortment of products and shapes of stainless steel can be found at a steel service center. Some of the materials a steel service center provides are stainless steel foil, stainless steel wire, stainless steel strip, stainless steel bars, stainless steel plate, stainless steel coil, stainless steel sheets, and stainless steel rods. These materials are made through the processes of hot rolling and forming.Stainless steel is used to make a variety of products including kitchen supplies, tableware, electronic appliances flatware, laundry equipment, sinks, kegs and, vats, silos, and large kitchen equipment. In addition to a multitude of products, the use of stainless steel spans a wide range of industries, including engineering and construction, and can be used in smaller items such as elevator doors, gutters, to larger-scale applications such as skyscrapers.
Stainless steel tubing, or SS tubing for short, is a popular metal form, used in many industries. Hollow, cylindrical forms, stainless steel tubing and stainless steel pipes work perfectly as both the channel through which gases or fluids can pass and as parts of larger equipment or systems. Stainless steel tubing is valued for its corrosion resistance, strength, and smooth, crack-free surface. The success of stainless steel tubing has led to the creation of many variations on it and piping, such as corrugated stainless steel tubing, which is flexible and features a PVC outer layer, stainless steel pipe fittings, which are pipe attachments, seamless stainless steel pipe, and stainless steel square tubing, a pressure resistant alternative to traditionally round-shaped tubing.
Steel service centers are facilities that process and treat various alloys of raw steel and sell the treated steel to manufacturers, who use them to produce any number of steel goods. Manufacturers that request the services of steel service centers include those in the aerospace, automotive manufacturing, construction, electronics, and shipbuilding industries, among others.
Typically, steel service centers manufacture a variety of premade shapes, such as steel beams, steel strip, steel tubing, and I beams, as well as a myriad of pre-production treatment processes. In fact, approximately 70% of all steel purchased by steel service centers receives some sort of pre-production processing. Servicers perform services like steel galvanization, steel aluminization, hot rolling, and cold rolling.
Titanium is a metal that is extracted from the element of the same name, which grows naturally and abundantly, though not in pure form. Titanium boasts natural qualities of ductility, heat transference, low density, strength and high corrosion resistance. These qualities lend it to many applications, particularly those related to the aerospace and marine industries, automotive manufacturing, surgery and dentistry, racing sports, jewelry making and aquariums. To capitalize upon its qualities, titanium is frequently alloyed with other metals, like steel, iron or aluminum, to create materials with hybrid qualities.
Number 74 on the periodic table of elements, Tungsten, from the Swedish words “tung” and “sten,” which literally translates to “heavy stone,” is the heaviest usable element. With a melting point of 6192℉, it is also the most temperature resistant metal of all those known today. In addition, non-alloyed tungsten has the lowest vapor pressure of all non-alloyed metals. On top of this, tungsten and tungsten alloys boast high density, tensile strength, excellent corrosion resistance, and exceptional electric and thermal conductivity. Given its highly desirable qualities, tungsten suppliers receive demand for their product in many industries, including consumer products, construction, electronics, electricity and lighting, engineering, industrial manufacturing, jewelry, mining, and medical supply.
Wire rope consists of multiple strands of wire filament which themselves are twisted together before being wound helically around a core. First used for mining in Germany during the mid 1800's, wire rope has become a staple in heavy industrial processes such as mining, oil rigging, bridge construction, marine applications and others that require various heavy-duty lifting and support applications such as cable railings.
Manufacturers and distributors identify the differences in wire cable by listing the number of strands and the amount of wires per strand so that anyone that orders understands the strength of the cable. Sometimes they are also categorized by their length or pitch. More complex wire rope identification codes connote information like core type, weight limit and more. Any additional hardware like connectors, fasteners, pulleys and fittings are usually listed in the same area to show varying strengths and degrees of fray prevention.