The term "marking machinery" encompasses a wide range of machinery and equipment that is used to create markings for and on a variety of products and parts. Markings like these include identification codes, images, designs, logos and more, and they may be used to achieve a variety of ends, such as increased customer recognition, retail product pricing, increased ease of product return, counterfeit deterrence and parts and product tracking. Marking machines work on a wide variety of materials, including fabric, glass, leather, paper, plastic, textiles and wood. Marks from marking machines are adhered onto parts and products including: cables and wiring, consumer parts, credit cards, debit cards, greeting cards, glass sculptures, electronic parts, jewelry, packaging, storage boxes, wood trim and writing utensils.
Marking systems are made up of tools and machines that stamp, print, etch and/or emboss many different types of surfaces. Types of marking machinery include: dot peen machines, embossing machines, engraving machines, etching machines, hot stamping machines, laser markers, nameplate markers, numbering machines, press markers, rotary or roll marking devices and stylus markers or stylus marking devices. To assist them in their endeavors, marking machinery is also often accompanied by specialized marking tools or secondary equipment. Specialized marking tools include scribers, which are thinly shaped components of any machine that ingrain a mark on a material, and steel stamps. Examples of secondary equipment include industrial inkjet printers and printing machines, which are used in the marking of flat surfaces.
The choice of which marking methods with which to design a surface depends upon the type of surface being marked and the nature of the desired markings. Embossing machinery, for example, works with ductile materials, such as leather and plastic, and applies heat and pressure to them in order to create 3D images. The heat and pressure they apply produce permanent deformations. Embossing machines are popular for use in credit card production, where they mark the cards with upraised letters and numbers. When an application calls for the marking of a harder material, such as metal, manufacturers will likely select engraving machines, which are similar to embossing technology, but can cut grooves into much harder materials. This type of marking machinery is popular in jewelry processing applications. In offices and in homes, consumers can use printers to mark papers. In industrial settings, manufacturers use the larger version of this marking machinery, industrial inkjet printers, to do the same on a greater scale. For legal documentation purposes, customers may purchase numbering machines, which print numbers onto pages consecutively. Yet another type of marking machinery is the pad printing machine, which prints 2D marks onto 3D products. Using silicone pads to transfer images to a product surface from a printing plate, pad printing machines are commonly used to mark products such as toys, electronics and medical equipment. If a manufacturer wishes to mark products at a low volume, he or she may select steel stamps. These create markings by pressing or hitting a marked stamp into a material with enough force to leave an indentation. Types of steel stamps include stamp marking kits, hand stamps and press stamps.
All techniques used by marking machinery have individual advantages and disadvantages. Plasma etching, for example, which uses either gases or vacuum pressure to leave marks, is the most effective marking technique for surface modification. At the same time, plasma etching can only be performed in batches, which takes longer and can, if it takes too long, cause deterioration of the moldings. Another example is chemical etching. The advantage of chemical etching is that it is inexpensive, while its disadvantage is that it yields inconsistent results and so is limited in use to applications that do not require precise results. Similarly, hand stamping is an inexpensive and easy technique to learn, but it too yields inconsistent results. In addition, it is quite labor intensive. Meanwhile, presses are very fast and can leave permanent marks, but they are time consuming to assemble, cannot be used on fragile parts or hard parts, are not very flexible and can be dangerous to use. Still some marking machinery is more environmentally friendly than other marking machinery. Laser marking equipment, for instance, which marks surfaces directly using a high energy laser beam, is quite environmentally friendly. Inkjet printers, on the other hand, can pose environmental hazards later down the line when the impermanent ink marks go back into the environment.
The ins and outs of marking machinery may seem a bit confusing, but with the right manufacturer guiding you, finding the right equipment for you won't be so hard. Marking machinery manufacturers will help you select the best machinery and tools for you based on factors such as your product volume, product material and industrial application, as well as how your new machinery will fit into your existing system.
Marking Machinery - Elmark Packaging, Inc.
Marking Machinery - Telesis Technologies, Inc.
Engraving Marking Machinery - Telesis Technologies, Inc.
Etching Marking Machinery - Telesis Technologies, Inc.
Marking Machinery - Sprinter Marking, Inc.
Marking Machinery - Elmark Packaging, Inc.
- A code used in the identification
of products through electronic scanning, consisting of a sequence of
parallel lines that vary in width. The spacing between the individual
bar lines also varies.
- The slant from the surface of an engraved character to the background is referred to as the first, or character, bevel. The second bevel is the clearance taper, or sighting angle, which is usually a 45-degree angle on each side of the hand stamp.
- Impressing a stamp or die to the background of the characters or design. Bottoming also refers to the ironing out of metal displaced by a stamping die.
- In marking systems, the individual letter or number marked upon an object. Character faces and styles vary.
- A frame of metal in a hot stamping press that holds the die in place during the stamping process.
- A process in which a mark is burned onto a product through the application of a screen and an acid.
- In marking machines, a metal plate onto which a design or image is etched or engraved to be stamped, rolled or printed onto a product.
- Also called "dot peening," it is a type of micro-percussion marking system in which sequences of dots are used to mark an object according to design requirements.
- A process in which a metal plate is coated with wax through which lines are cut. A corrosive acid is applied, which removes the metal under the lines.
- In hot stamping, a thin, flexible material consisting of a coat of color that transfers to the stamped product during the stamping process.
- A steel stamp that engraves a design onto an object by striking the stamp with a hammer. Hand stamps are useful when producing low volumes of products.
- The process of transferring a special ink based on a sublimating dye to the inside of molded parts. Impregnation printing is useful in applications requiring wear resistance.
- Marking system in which a mist of ink is transferred to an object to mark the object according to design requirements.
- A stamp or type placed with a piece of marking equipment, such as a die, to produce a particular design or image.
- An image or design created by engraving the design onto a metal plate and filling the recessed design with ink. A damp piece of paper is then pressed against the plate in a roller press, producing a reverse image on the paper.
- A depression or cavity in a die into which an insert is placed.
- A device that marks products with multiple characters simultaneously for fast and consistent identification.
- The process of transferring ink to a molded part by filling ink in a plate in which characters are engraved hollow, moving it to a pad and pressing the pad on the face of the molded part; the ink is then cured by thermal treatment, ultraviolet treatment or other curing processes.
- A die that can be heated to a temperature sufficient for burning characters or designs into wood, leather and other materials.
- A marking device that is pressed or hit into a material. Steel stamps include hand stamps, press stamps and stamp marking kits.
- A number code below the bar code that consists of 14 numbers, which provide product identification.
- A unique combination of letters and numbers created by a vehicle manufacturer to accurately identify a vehicle.