Pumps are essential mechanisms that are utilized in many industrial manufacturing processes. Pumps are devices used to raise, compress or transfer fluids or gases. Pumps can be hydraulic pumps, pneumatic pumps or electric pumps and include a large variety of types such as centrifugal pumps, diaphragm pumps and vacuum pumps. Pump manufacturers also mainly fabricate industrial pumps from metallic materials, but use thermoplastic and elastomeric materials such as Teflon and polypropylene as well.
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Centrifugal pumps are used to increase the fluid pressure by using rotational kinetic energy. Inside the pump a rotating impeller will rotate creating energy and moving the liquid to the center of the impeller. This causes pressure to increase downstream in a pipe and forcing the liquid to move. Generally there are several different types of pump heads associated with a centrifugal pump. These pump heads include: total dynamic, total static, static suction, static lift, static discharge, dynamic suction and dynamic lift.
Metering pumps encompass a large range of terms including: bellow pumps, dispensing pumps, peristaltic pumps, piston metering pumps, centrifugal pumps, and many other configurations. A metering pump controls the flow rate of a liquid and are typically designed for either variable displacement at a constant speed or fixed displacement at a variable speed. When these devices are functioning properly they will not any leakage or slippage from the input or output.
Vacuum pumps are devices which offer an essential of creating a vacuum for a number of applications. In many controlled environments vacuums are necessary for testing. In the medical field vacuum pumps are extremely important for surgical procedures. Vacuum pumps are also categorized for wet or dry applications. These items are particularly useful in laboratory situations, food processing, hard coating, lamination, plastic molding and much more.
Valves are devices that control flow of liquids or gases. Valves can also be hydraulic valves, pneumatic valves or electric valves as well as having an extensive selection of types including check valves, butterfly valves, globe valves, gate valves and ball valves. While valves may be used in commercial and residential applications, industrial valves are extremely popular and valve manufacturers typically construct these more heavy-duty valves from materials such as stainless steel, aluminum and brass. These items are ideal for many industries including agriculture, defense, chemical processing, power generation and petrochemical.
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In situations where a stop valve with simply on/off capabilities are required many will turn to a device known as a ball valve. This type of valve is engineered to have a ball in the middle of the valve which either blocks the flow or allows the substance to pass through. Ball valves are designed to handle many types of materials such as liquids, gases, and suspended solids. Ball valves can also be manufactured from stainless steel, brass, plastic, cast iron and more.
Check valves are a type of valve that is designed to prevent unwanted to backflow and only allow materials to flow in one direction. When the materials attempt to flow backwards the valve will then react and create a seal. Check valves are ideal not only for eliminating backflow but also for their simple design. Although check valves come in a variety of different sizes and configurations it is hassle-free product that can be used in virtually any industry that requires reliable flow control.
A solenoid valve is a type of valve that differs from other valves as this valve utilizes electricity energy to control mechanical devices which opens and closes the valve. One of the most common types of solenoid valves is known as the pneumatic solenoid valve which utilizes pressure to function and is very similar to a hydraulic valve. Solenoid valves are ideal in factory settings that use automation programs because the system can easily control the operations of the solenoid valves through electric currents.