Bag Houses for Dust Collection
Bag houses are dust collection units containing fabric filters that
capture dust particles as air flows through them. Workshops, plants and
manufacturing facilities frequently duct contaminated air into bag
houses in order to remove the particles from the work environment and
safely contain them.
Bag houses are usually the first choice, when it comes to
selecting dust collection equipment for a variety of industries. This is a
particularly popular option for controlling particulate emissions in hot mix
asphalt plant. They are popular due to their ease of operation and cost
effectiveness. Another reason bag houses are the main choice for such equipment
is because they help companies comply with pollution codes while also providing
economic advantages over other options. They also return the dust to the mix
rather than wasting it as scrubbers do, which means they better use the
aggregate. Bag houses are also more flexible/portable and do not require as
much horsepower as other devices. However, some limitations to be aware of when
it comes to bag houses are limitations in regard to exhaust temperatures,
potential hydrocarbon contamination, and the removal of gaseous pollutants. In cases
such as these, a scrubber may be a better choice.
If you are in the market for dust collecting equipment, it
is crucial to be sure to do your research and consider each aspect of your
operations. This will simplify your shopping experience and make the whole
process move more smoothly and quickly. There are many different products and
pieces of equipment that are built to complete similar functions and the slight
differences are important to evaluate in order to be sure that you are getting
the most appropriate device, at the best price, to suit your unique needs. When
it comes to emissions and dust control, it is important to have quality
equipment that will protect your workers, your local air quality and the entire
planet. Contact a supplier of bag houses and other dust collecting equipment
today for more detailed information about these products and house they can
best suit you.
A bag house is the most common type of dust collector
, since very often it is the most cost-effective and efficient method, with a typical rate of fine particle capture of more than 99%. Industry-specific state OSHA regulations require companies that run processes emitting heavy smoke, dust or other particles to maintain air quality standards by filtering facility air. As a result, bag houses are vital equipment for coal handling, cement fabrication, metal fabrication
, pharmaceutical, chemical processing, woodworking, recycling, waste incineration and agricultural industries, among many others. Typical bag house dust collector applications include dust capturing, separating and filtering explosive media, metalworking chips, toxic media, wood dust, concrete dust, welding fumes and incinerator smoke. Facilities usually incorporate bag houses into large dust collecting systems
, with overhead ductwork and capture arms (suction hoods), which hang over the workspaces where dust is formed. In large facility applications, the bag house is often located outside, connected to the interior through ductwork.
Bag houses operate by drawing contaminated air in through ducts to a hopper-shaped structure containing fabric filters. The air is pulled through the fabric bags by a vacuum-creating fan, leaving behind dust, smoke and particles; clean air exits through the fan at the outlet at the top of the bag house, while dust particles settle into an airlock at the bottom of the hopper, which is routinely emptied. During the filtering process, the fabric filters accumulate a layer of dust called a dust cake, filter cake or filtering cake. The main function of the filter fabric is to provide the medium on which the dust cake will form; once enough dust has accumulated, it creates a barrier that is capable of capturing very fine particles. The filter cake must be managed, however, because it can become too thick and prevent acceptable air flow. There are three main ways of managing the filter cakes. Mechanical shaker bag houses clean their filter bags through vibrations caused by a motor-driven shaft and cam. These vibrations cause waves in the bag that shakes the dust cake off the inside surface of the bag and into the hopper. Reverse-air bag houses are compartmentalized and allow for continuous operation during their cleaning cycle. In order to begin cleaning, filtration is halted in the compartment about to be cleaned. Clean air is then injected into the dust collector in a reverse direction, which pressurizes the compartment and causes the filter bags to partially collapse. This results in the filter cake cracking and falling into the hopper below. Reverse-jet bag houses also allow for continuous operation during their cleaning cycle, but are typically not compartmentalized. Instead, the filter bags are cleaned by short bursts of compressed air injected through a compressed air manifold. Common materials used to make bag houses include cotton, glass-fiber and synthetic materials.
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